Binding free energy calculations of N-sulphonyl-glutamic acid inhibitors of MurD ligase.

Laboratory for Molecular Modeling and NMR Spectroscopy, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, 1001, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Journal of Molecular Modeling (Impact Factor: 1.87). 03/2009; 15(8):983-96. DOI: 10.1007/s00894-009-0455-8
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The increasing incidence of bacterial resistance to most available antibiotics has underlined the urgent need for the discovery of novel efficacious antibacterial agents. The biosynthesis of bacterial peptidoglycan, where the MurD enzyme is involved in the intracellular phase of UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide formation, represents a collection of highly selective targets for novel antibacterial drug design. Structural studies of N-sulfonyl-glutamic acid inhibitors of MurD have made possible the examination of binding modes of this class of compounds, providing valuable information for the lead optimization phase of the drug discovery cycle. Binding free energies were calculated for a series of MurD N-sulphonyl-Glu inhibitors using the linear interaction energy (LIE) method. Analysis of interaction energy during the 20-ns MD trajectories revealed non-polar van der Waals interactions as the main driving force for the binding of these inhibitors, and excellent agreement with the experimental free energies was obtained. Calculations of binding free energies for selected moieties of compounds in this structural class substantiated even deeper insight into the source of inhibitory activity. These results constitute new valuable information to further assist the lead optimization process.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Geometries of the complex between MDM2 and WK23, is displayed in surface and stick modes according to the lowest-energy structure from the MD trajectory. The pocket 1, 2 and 3 represent three binding pockets of inhibitors to MDM2.
    Computational and Theoretical Chemistry 10/2014; 1045:66–72. · 1.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The outbreak and high speed global spread of the new strain of influenza A/H1N1 virus in 2009 posed a serious threat to global health. It is more likely that drug-resistant influenza strains will arise after the extensive use of anti-influenza drugs. Consequently, the identification of the potential resistant sites for drugs in advance and the understanding of the corresponding molecular mechanisms that cause drug resistance are quite important in the design of new drug candidates with better potency to combat drug resistance. Here, we performed molecular simulations to evaluate the potency of oseltamivir to combat drug resistance caused by the mutations in 2009 A/H1N1 neuraminidase (NA). We examined three representative drug-resistant mutations in NA, consisting of H274Y, N294S, and Y252H. First, a theoretical structure of A/H1N1 NA in complex with oseltamivir was constructed using homology modeling. Then, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, molecular mechanics/Poisson–Boltzmann surface area (MM/PBSA) calculations, and MM/GBSA free energy decomposition were used to characterize the binding of oseltamivir with the wild type (WT) and three mutated NAs. Our predictions show that N294S and H274Y, two popular drug-resistant mutations in different variants of NA, still cause significant resistance to oseltamivir. However, the Y252H mutation does not impair the interactions between oseltamivir and A/H1N1 NA. An examination of individual energy components shows that the loss of polar interactions is the key source for the resistance of the studied mutations to oseltamivir. Moreover, free energy decomposition analysis and structural analysis reveal that the N294S or H274Y mutation triggers the large-scale conformational changes of the binding pocket and then impairs the affinity of oseltamivir. We expect that our results will be useful for the rational design of NA inhibitors with high potency against drug-resistant A/H1N1 mutants.
    Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling 10/2012; 52(10):2715–2729. · 4.07 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Coiled-coils are well known protein-protein interaction motifs, with the leucine zipper region of activator protein-1 (AP-1) consisting of the c-Jun and c-Fos proteins being a typical example. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations using the MM/GBSA method have been used to predict the free energy of interaction of these proteins. The influence of force field polarisation and capping on the predicted free energy of binding of complexes with different electrostatic environments (net charge) were investigated. Although both force field polarisation and peptide capping are important for the prediction of the absolute free energy of binding, peptide capping has the largest influence on the predicted free energy of binding. Polarisable simulations appear better suited to determine structural properties of the complexes of these proteins while non-polarisable simulations seem to give better predictions of the associated free energies of binding.
    Natural products and bioprospecting. 08/2014;


Available from
May 21, 2014