Mycobacterium tuberculosis glycoproteomics based on ConA-lectin affinity capture of mannosylated proteins.
ABSTRACT A Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture filtrate enriched with mannose-containing proteins was resolved by 2-DE gel. After ConA ligand blotting, 41 proteins were identified by mass spectrometry as putative glycoproteins with 34 of them new probably mannosylated proteins. These results contribute to the construction of the ConA affinity glycoprotein database of M. tuberculosis, and provide useful information for understanding the biological role of glycoproteins in mycobacteria.
- SourceAvailable from: María Elizbeth Alvarez-Sánchez
Dataset: Breast Cancer
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ABSTRACT: Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) causes tuberculosis, one of the leading causes of fatal infectious diseases worldwide. Cell-cell recognition between the pathogen Mtb and its host are mediated in part by glycosylated proteins. So far, glycoproteins in Mtb are understudied and for only very few glycoproteins glycosylation sites have been described, e.g., alanine and proline rich secreted protein apa, superoxide dismutase SODC, lipoprotein lpqH and MPB83/MPT83. In this study, glycosylated proteins in Mtb culture filtrate were investigated using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry approaches and bioinformatic analyses. To validate the presence of glycoproteins, several strategies were pursued including collision induced dissociation, high energy collision dissociation and electron transfer dissociation techniques, and bioinformatics analyses involving a neutral loss search for glycosylated moieties. After extensive data curation, we report glycosylation sites for thirteen Mtb glycoproteins using a combination of mass spectrometry techniques on a dataset collected from culture filtrate proteins. This is the first glycoproteomics study identifying glycosylation sites on mycobacterial culture filtrate proteins (CFP) on a global scale. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled:Trends in Microbial Proteomics.Journal of proteomics 05/2013; · 5.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: M. tuberculosis infection either induces or inhibits host cell death, depending on the bacterial strain and the cell microenvironment. There is evidence suggesting a role for mitochondria in these processes.On the other hand, it has been shown that several bacterial proteins are able to target mitochondria, playing a critical role in bacterial pathogenesis and modulation of cell death. However, mycobacteria--derived proteins able to target host cell mitochondria are less studied. RESULTS: A bioinformaic analysis based on available genomic sequences of the common laboratory virulent reference strain Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, the avirulent strain H37Ra, the clinical isolate CDC1551, and M. bovis BCG Pasteur strain 1173P2, as well as of suitable bioinformatic tools (MitoProt II, PSORT II, and SignalP) for the in silico search for proteins likely to be secreted by mycobacteria that could target host cell mitochondria, showed that at least 19 M. tuberculosis proteins could possibly target host cell mitochondria. We experimentally tested this bioinformatic prediction on four M. tuberculosis recombinant proteins chosen from this list of 19 proteins (p27, PE_PGRS1, PE_PGRS33, and MT_1866). Confocal microscopy analyses showed that p27, and PE_PGRS33 proteins colocalize with mitochondria. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the bioinformatic analysis of whole M. tuberculosis genome sequences, we propose that at least 19 out of 4,246 M. tuberculosis predicted proteins would be able to target host cell mitochondria and, in turn, control mitochondrial physiology. Interestingly, such a list of 19 proteins includes five members of a mycobacteria specific family of proteins (PE/PE_PGRS) thought to be virulence factors, and p27, a well known virulence factor. P27, and PE_PGRS33 proteins experimentally showed to target mitochondria in J774 cells. Our results suggest a link between mitochondrial targeting of M. tuberculosis proteins and virulence.Microbial informatics and experimentation. 12/2012; 2(1):9.