Prospective Randomized Trial Comparing Alumina Ceramic-on-Ceramic With Ceramic-On-Conventional Polyethylene Bearings in Total Hip Arthroplasty
Division of Orthopaedics, Department of Surgery, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The Journal of arthroplasty
(Impact Factor: 2.67).
02/2009; 25(3):392-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2009.01.013
This prospective randomized study aims to compare the outcome between an alumina ceramic-on-ceramic (CC) articulation with a ceramic on ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene articulation (CP). Fifty-six hips in 55 patients with mean age 42.2 (range, 19-56) each received uncemented components, a 28-mm alumina head with randomization of acetabular liner. Mean St Michael's outcome score for each group with up to 10 years follow-up (median, 8 years; range, 1-10) was 22.8 and 22.9, respectively (P = .819). Wear was identified in all but 1 CP replacement, but only 12 of the 23 CC. Mean wear in the CP group was 0.11 mm/y and 0.02 mm/yr in the CC group (P < .001). Other than significantly greater wear in the polyethylene group, there was no significant difference in midterm outcome between the 2 groups.
Available from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
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ABSTRACT: Ceramic bearings were introduced to reduce wear and increase long-term survivorship of total hip arthroplasty. In a previous study comparing ceramic with metal-on-polyethylene at 5 to 8 years, we found higher survivorship and no osteolysis for the ceramic bearings. We asked whether ceramic bearings have equal or superior survivorship compared with that for metal-on-polyethylene at longer followup; we also determined survivorship of the implant systems, the presence or absence of radiographic osteolysis, and incidence of device squeaking. Five surgeons at five sites have followed 189 patients (216 hips) for a minimum of 10 years and average of 10.3 years (range, 10-12.4 years) comparing alumina ceramic bearings (144 hips) with cobalt chrome-on-polyethylene bearings (72 hips). We determined Kaplan-Meier survivorship of the bearing surface and implant systems and collected radiographic and clinical data. We observed no difference between the control metal-on-polyethylene and the alumina-bearing couple cohorts with regard to bearing-related failures (98.9% versus 99.1%). Revisions for any reason occurred in 10.5% of the control patients and 3.1% of the patients with alumina bearings. All femoral implants remain well fixed (100%), whereas one acetabular component (1%) is unstable in the control group. Osteolysis occurred in 26% of the control patients and in none of the patients with alumina bearings. Squeaking occurred in two of 144 hips (1.4%) of the patients with ceramic bearings. Patients receiving the ceramic-on-ceramic bearings had fewer revisions for any reason and less osteolysis than the control metal-on-polyethylene at 10 years. Our data suggest ceramic bearings continue to provide an option for the young and more active patient and provide for a measure to compare other new alternative bearings that are currently available. Level I, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 02/2011; 470(2):373-381. DOI:10.1007/s11999-011-2076-7 · 2.77 Impact Factor
Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1988. IGARSS '88. Remote Sensing: Moving Toward the 21st Century., International; 10/1988
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ABSTRACT: Software maintenance can be transformed from the unmanageable,
trial-and-error activity into a systematic engineering discipline
through application of mathematics-based principles and practices that
have wrought a similar transformation in software engineering. The
mathematics provides rigorous techniques for converting unstructured
programs into structured form, recovering program design documentation,
and modifying and verifying programs. While these principles and
practices are technical, the ultimate benefits are managerial, in a new
level of predictability and control of maintenance operations to meet
Software Maintenance, 1988., Proceedings of the Conference on; 11/1988
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