Primary localized malignant biphasic mesothelioma of the liver in a patient with asbestosis.

Department of Human Pathology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan.
World Journal of Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 2.43). 03/2009; 15(5):615-21.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report a case of primary localized malignant biphasic mesothelioma of the liver in a 66-year-old man associated with asbestosis. The tumor was detected as a hepatic nodule, 4 cm in diameter, in the right lobe (S8 segment) on CT scan. Histopathological examination demonstrated an intrahepatic tumor with central necrosis consisting of a papillary epithelioid pattern on the surface of the liver, microcystic (microglandular or adenomatoid) pattern mainly in the subcapsular area and sarcomatoid pattern intermingled with microcystic pattern in the major part of the hepatic nodular tumor. Tumor cells, especially of epithelioid type, showed distinct immunoreactivity for mesothelial markers (WT-1, calretinin, D2-40, CK5/6, mesothelin, thrombomodulin) and no immunoreactivity for epithelial (adenocarcinoma) markers (CEA, CD15, BerEP4, BG8, MOC31). P53 immunoreactivity was detected focally in papillary epithelioid tumor cells and extensively in microcystic and sarcomatoid components, suggesting that the papillary epithelioid mesothelioma arose on the surface of the liver, and tumor cells showing microcystic and sarcomatoid patterns invaded and grew into the liver. To date, this is the first case of primary localized malignant biphasic mesothelioma of the liver, since all three primary hepatic mesotheliomas reported so far were epithelioid type.

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    ABSTRACT: Localized malignant mesothelioma is very uncommon and mainly arises in pleura and peritoneum, and preferentially occurs in older adults. In this article, we report a case of a Localized malignant mesothelioma that was developed in the stomach of a 6-year-old boy. This boy was admitted to hospital for anemia. An epigastric mass was palpated through systemic physical examination and MR scanning demonstrated an 8×6 cm-sized, well-defined elliptic mass at gastric corpus. Partial resection of the stomach was performed for this boy and no nodules were found on the liver, peritoneum, and other abdominal sites in surgery. In view of the morphological and immunohistochemical findings, a diagnosis of localized malignant mesothelioma, epithelial type was made. This is the first case report of localized malignant mesothelioma arising in the stomach of a child. Accumulation of more cases of malignant mesothelioma involving gastrointestinal tract and longer follow-up of the patients are necessary to further characterize the features of this rare disease.
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    ABSTRACT: Primary malignant hepatic mesotheliomas are extremely rare. We report the case of a patient with primary intrahepatic malignant mesothelioma who was treated in our department.PRESENTATION OF CASEA 66-year old male patient was admitted to our department for the evaluation of anemia. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed a large space occupying lesion in the right liver lobe.DISCUSSIONThe tumor was subsequently resected and a diagnosis of primary intrahepatic malignant mesothelioma was made after pathologic examination. The patient did not receive adjuvant therapy and is currently alive and free of disease, 36 months after the resection.CONCLUSION To our knowledge this is the eighth adult case of primary intrahepatic malignant mesothelioma reported in the literature. These tumors are rarely diagnosed preoperatively. Absence of previous asbestos exposure does not exclude malignant mesothelioma from the differential diagnosis. Proper surgical treatment may offer prolonged survival to the patient, without adjuvant therapy.
    11/2014; 5(12). DOI:10.1016/j.ijscr.2014.11.028
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    ABSTRACT: Primary malignant mesothelioma of the liver is extremely rare, and radiologic features have been defined in only one case. We present radiologic findings of two cases which are pathologically proven as primary malignant mesothelioma of the liver. Malignant mesothelioma of the liver may be included in a differential diagnosis list if there is a heterogeneous, hemorrhagic and necrotic lesion in the liver, with peripheral serpiginous vascular structures and increasing septal enhancement in post-contrast images.
    Japanese journal of radiology 12/2014; 33(2). DOI:10.1007/s11604-014-0379-9 · 0.74 Impact Factor


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