Is TRAIL the holy grail of cancer therapy?
ABSTRACT Inducing apoptosis has become an important approach in the development of new anti-cancer treatments. Tumour necrosis factor apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) based therapies have emerged as one of the most promising examples of this as they selectively induce apoptosis in tumour cells. However, many primary tumours are inherently resistant to TRAIL-mediated apoptosis and require additional sensitisation. Here we review apoptotic and non-apoptotic TRAIL-signalling, and the therapeutic effects of TRAIL-based treatments both as monotherapy and in combination with sensitising agents.
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ABSTRACT: The tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) exerts a cancer cell-specific pro-apoptotic activity. This property made the TRAIL associated pathway one of the most promising strategies aimed at inducing tumor-selective death. In fact, several approaches have been considered to explore this pathway for cancer therapy, such as recombinant TRAIL, agonist antibodies for TRAIL receptors, and adenoviral TRAIL. However, all of these approaches have certain disadvantages that limit their clinical use. Our recent discovery that the complex PRAME/EZH2 is able to repress TRAIL expression, in a cancer-specific manner, suggests an alternative approach for combined cancer therapy. A genetic or pharmacological inhibition of TRAIL repressors in cancer cells could restore endogenous TRAIL expression, thereby overcoming some of the limitations of and/or cooperating with previous approaches.Current Molecular Medicine 12/2012; · 5.10 Impact Factor
Article: The molecular machinery regulating apoptosis signal transduction and its implication in human physiology and pathophysiologies.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The regulation of apoptotic cell death, a terminal and fatal cell fate decision, has been intensely investigated and, due to its paramount implications for human health and disease, has sparked one of the most prolific and competitive research fields in biological and biomedical sciences of the past decades. Many key components of the molecular machinery processing and transducing apoptotic cell death signals have been described in great detail by now, dramatically advancing our understanding of how the network of apoptosis signaling proteins integrates and regulates cell death signals, and ultimately executes apoptosis. Building on the latest significant advances in deciphering apoptosis signal transduction as well as on the central original groundbreaking discoveries in cell death research, we here present an in-depth description of the current knowledge on the core molecular machinery of apoptotic signaling and how it is implicated in human physiology and pathophysiologies.Current Molecular Medicine 02/2011; 11(1):31-47. · 5.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The use of TRAIL/APO2L and monoclonal antibodies targeting TRAIL receptors for cancer therapy holds great promise, due to their ability to restore cancer cell sensitivity to apoptosis in association with conventional chemotherapeutic drugs in a large variety of tumors. TRAIL-induced cell death is tightly regulated right from the membrane and at the DISC (Death-Inducing Signaling Complex) level. The following patent and literature review aims to present and highlight recent findings of the deadly discussion that determines tumor cell fate upon TRAIL engagement.Recent patents on anti-cancer drug discovery. 09/2011; 6(3):311-23.