2-Aminopurine-modified abasic-site-containing duplex DNA for highly selective detection of theophylline.

Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578, Japan.
Journal of the American Chemical Society (Impact Factor: 10.68). 03/2009; 131(7):2448-9. DOI: 10.1021/ja8095625
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT 2-Aminopurine-modified abasic-site-containing duplex [DNA 5'-TCTGC GTCCT PXT TAACG CACAC-3'/3'-AGACG CAGGA TCA ATTGC GTGTG-5'; P = 2-aminopurine, X = abasic site (Spacer-C3), C = receptor base] is capable of selectively binding to the bronchodilator theophylline with a dissociation constant of 10 microM (5 degrees C, pH 7.0, I = 0.11 M) and is applicable to monitoring serum theophylline concentrations.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aptasensors are aptamer-based biosensors with excellent recognition capability towards a wide range of targets. Specially, there have been ever-growing interests in the development of aptasensors for the detection of small molecules. This phenomenon is contributed to two reasons. On one hand, small biomolecules play an important role in living organisms with many kinds of biological function, such as antiarrhythmic effect and vasodilator activity of adenosine. On the other hand, the concentration of small molecules can be an indicator for disease diagnosis, for example, the concentration of ATP is closely associated with cell injury and cell viability. As a potential analysis tool in the construction of aptasensors, optical analysis has attracted much more interest of researchers due to its high sensitivity, quick response and simple operation. Besides, it promises the promotion of aptasensors in performance toward a new level. Review the development of optical aptasensors for small biomolecules will give readers an overall understanding of its progress and provide some theoretical guidelines for its future development. Hence, we give a mini-review on the advance of optical aptasensors for small biomolecules. This review focuses on recent achievements in the design of various optical aptasensors for small biomolecules, containing fluorescence aptasensors, colorimetric aptasensors, chemiluminescence aptasensors and other optical aptasensors.
    Biosensors & bioelectronics 03/2014; 59C:64-74. · 5.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) biosensor for theophylline was developed by recognition of RNA aptamer and gold nanoparticle amplification technique. Firstly, a designed small single-stranded RNA, RNA1, was immobilized onto the QCM electrode through a thiol linker. Then, the complementary stranded RNA2, which can combine with RNA1 to form a double-stranded RNA with a recognition unit of theophylline, could be self-assembled on the QCM electrode surface through a hybrid reaction in the presence of theophylline. The recognition process could cause a frequency change of QCM to give the signal related to theophylline. When RNA2 was tethered to gold nanoparticles, the signal could be amplified to further enhance the sensitivity of the designed sensor. Under the optimal conditions, the QCM-based biosensor showed excellent sensitivity (limit of detection, 8.2 nM) and specificity with a dissociation constant of Kd = 5.26 × 10-7 M. The sensor can be used to quantitatively detect theophylline in serum, suggesting that it can be applied in complex biological samples.
    The Analyst 03/2013; · 4.23 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thioflavin T (ThT) has been widely utilized as a fluorescent marker for amyloid fibrils. However, the use of ThT as an efficient reporter for a specific DNA structure still remains in question. Here, we report that the fluorescence intensity of ThT is obviously enhancement in when it binds to ds-DNAs which contain cavity structures such as an abasic site, gap site or mismatch site. Such enhancement in fluorescence cannot be achieved for DNA without these cavity structures. The DNA cavities provide appropriate spaces to accommodate ThT and allow the occurrence of some specific interactions. The stacking interaction of the bound ThT with the cavity context bases is the main driving force for ThT binding to the cavities. This interaction restricts the excited state's rapid torsional rotation around the single C-C bond between the benzothiazole and dimethylaminobenzene moieties and thus results in a decreased population of the nonradiative twisted internal charge-transfer (TICT) state. It is impossible for this stacking interaction to occur in DNA without these cavities. This property can be used to recognize DNA cavities with high selectivity and sensitivity. We expect that the ability of ThT to target these DNA structures has the potential to be developed into practical and functional biomaterials for DNA sensors or devices.
    Molecular BioSystems 08/2013; · 3.35 Impact Factor