Highly efficient transfection of rat cortical neurons using carbosilane dendrimers unveils a neuroprotective role for HIF-1alpha in early chemical hypoxia-mediated neurotoxicity.

Departamento de Ciencias Médicas, Unidad Asociada Neurodeath, CSIC-UCLM, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. Almansa, 14, 02006, Albacete, Spain.
Pharmaceutical Research (Impact Factor: 3.95). 03/2009; 26(5):1181-91. DOI: 10.1007/s11095-009-9839-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To study the effect of a non-viral vector (carbosilane dendrimer) to efficiently deliver small interfering RNA to postmitotic neurons to study the function of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF1-alpha) during chemical hypoxia-mediated neurotoxicity.
Chemical hypoxia was induced in primary rat cortical neurons by exposure to CoCl(2). HIF1-alpha levels were determined by Western Blot and toxicity was evaluated by both MTT and LDH assays. Neurons were incubated with dendriplexes containing anti-HIF1-alpha siRNA and both uptake and HIF1-alpha knockdown efficiency were evaluated.
We report that a non-viral vector (carbosilane dendrimer) can deliver specific siRNA to neurons and selectively block HIF1-alpha synthesis with similar efficiency to that achieved by viral vectors. Using this method, we have found that this transcription factor plays a neuroprotective role during the early phase of chemical hypoxia-mediated neurotoxicity.
This work represents a proof-of-concept for the use of carbosilane dendrimers to deliver specific siRNA to postmitotic neurons to block selected protein synthesis. This indicates that this type of vector is a good alternative to viral vectors to achieve very high transfection levels in neurons. This also suggests that carbosilane dendrimers might be very useful for gene therapy.

Download full-text


Available from: Inmaculada Posadas, Oct 15, 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Autophagy is an important process which plays a key role in cellular homeostasis by degrading cytoplasmic components in the lysosomes, which facilitates recycling. Alterations to normal autophagy have been linked to excitotoxicity, but the mechanisms governing its signal transduction remain unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the role of autophagy in neuronal excitotoxic death by delivering small interfering RNA (siRNA) to rat cortical neurons, using a dendrimer to silence the autophagy-related gene 6 (beclin 1) and to determine the role of autophagy in excitotoxicity. We have found that the dendrimer is very efficient to deliver siRNA to rat cortical neurons, leading to almost complete removal of the target protein Beclin 1. In addition, NMDA increases autophagy markers, such as the protein levels of Beclin 1, the microtubule-associated light chain 3 (LC3) B-II/LC3B-I ratio, and monodansylcadaverine (MDC) labeling in rat cortical neurons. Moreover, NMDA also increases the formation of autophagosomes observed under a transmission electron microscope. Silencing beclin 1 expression blocked NMDA-induced autophagy. Moreover, Beclin 1 removal potentiated NMDA-induced neuronal death indicating that autophagy plays a protective role during excitotoxicity and suggesting that targeting autophagy might be a helpful therapeutic strategy in neurodegenerative diseases.
    Journal of Neurochemistry 01/2012; 120(2):259-68. DOI:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2011.07556.x · 4.24 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Apoptosis is one of the major characteristics of delayed neuronal degeneration in neuronal injury following cerebral ischemia. Hypoxia-induced apoptosis may be co-regulated by HIF-1alpha as well as many other factors. In recent years, numerous studies concerning panaxynol (PNN) have been reported. However, whether PNN can show anti-hypoxia properties is still unknown. In this study, the protective effects of PNN on OGD-induced neuronal apoptosis and potential mechanisms were investigated. Pretreatment of the cells with PNN for 24h following exposure to OGD resulted in a significant elevation of cell survival determined by MTT assay, LDH assay, Hoechst staining and flow cytometric assessment. In addition to enhancing the expression of HIF-1alpha, PNN also normalized the caspase-3 expression/activation and increased the Bcl-2/Bax ratio. In our study, the increased level of HIF-1alpha with decreased cellular apoptosis suggested an important role for HIF-1alpha in hypoxic neurons. These results indicated that the neuroprotective effects of PNN on hypoxic neurons were at least partly due to up-regulation of HIF-1alpha and raised the possibility that PNN might reduce neurodegenerative disorders and ischemic brain diseases.
    Chemico-biological interactions 09/2009; 183(1):165-71. DOI:10.1016/j.cbi.2009.09.020 · 2.98 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dendrimers are a new class of nanocomposite materials. They are branching polymers whose structure is formed by monomeric subunit branches diverging to all sides from a central nucleus. The type of nucleus, attached monomers, and functional groups can be chosen during synthesis, which produces dendrimers of definite size, shape, density, polarity, branch mobility, and solubility. This review deals with problems of dendrimer molecular structures and capability of in vitro, in vivo, ex vivo, and in situ transfection of genetic material. Advantages and shortcomings of different types of dendrimers in this respect are discussed.
    Biochemistry (Moscow) 10/2009; 74(10):1070-9. DOI:10.1134/S0006297909100022 · 1.35 Impact Factor

Similar Publications