A growing number of studies and reports indicate preventive, routine and emergency dental procedures can be provided safely to pregnant patients to alleviate dental problems and promote oral health of mothers and children.
In 2006 and 2007, the authors conducted a survey of 1,604 general dentists in Oregon. The survey asked dentists about their attitudes, beliefs and practices regarding dental care for pregnant patients. The authors compared the responses with 2006 guidelines from a New York State Department of Health expert panel.
The response rate was 55.2 percent. Most respondents (91.7 percent) agreed that dental treatment should be part of prenatal care. Two-thirds of respondents (67.7 percent) were interested in receiving continuing dental education (CDE) regarding the care of pregnant patients. Comparisons of self-reported knowledge and practice with the aforementioned guidelines revealed several points of difference; the greatest regarded obtaining full-mouth radiographs, providing nitrous oxide, administering long-acting anesthetic injections and use of over-the-counter pain medications.
Dentists need pregnancy-specific education to provide up-to-date preventive and curative care to pregnant patients. The results of the study identified specific skills and misinformation that could be addressed through CDE.
Comprehensive dental care provided during pregnancy is needed to ensure the oral health of all women at risk of experiencing pregnancy-specific problems, as well as the prevention of early childhood caries.
"Many women, however, do not seek oral care during pregnancy; while others who do, experience barriers including lack of dental coverage and limited access . Dental providers’ lack of knowledge about the safety of dental care during pregnancy also limits pregnant women’s access to care . Women without insurance coverage are least likely to receive dental services [6-9]. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rural, low-income pregnant women and their children are at high risk for poor oral health and have low utilization rates of dental care. The Baby Smiles study was designed to increase low-income pregnant women's utilization of dental care, increase young children's dental care utilization, and improve home oral health care practices.Methods/designBaby Smiles was a five-year, four-site randomized intervention trial with a 2 x 2 factorial design. Four hundred participants were randomly assigned to one of four treatment arms in which they received either brief Motivational Interviewing (MI) or health education (HE) delivered during pregnancy and after the baby was born. In the prenatal study phase, the interventions were designed to encourage dental utilization during pregnancy. After childbirth, the focus was to utilize dental care for the infant by age one. The two primary outcome measures were dental utilization during pregnancy or up to two months postpartum for the mother, and preventive dental utilization by 18 months of age for the child. Medicaid claims data will be used to assess the primary outcomes. Questionnaires were administered at enrollment and 3, 9 and 18 months postpartum (study end) to assess mediating and moderating factors.
This trial can help define the most effective way to provide one-on-one counseling to pregnant women and new mothers regarding visits to the dentist during pregnancy and after the child is born. It supports previous work demonstrating the potential of reducing mother-to-child transmission of Streptococcus mutans and the initiation of dental caries prevention in early childhood.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT01120041.
BMC Oral Health 08/2013; 13(1):38. DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-13-38 · 1.13 Impact Factor
"The study design is an analysis of a survey completed by general dentists in Oregon, USA
. The cross-sectional mixed-mode (mail or Internet) survey used the Tailored Design Method to maximize response rates and avoid non-response error in survey research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Transmission of Streptococcus mutans from mother-to-child can lead to Early Childhood Caries. A previous study identified characteristics and beliefs of general dentists about counseling pregnant women to reduce risk of infection and Early Childhood Caries. This study extends those findings with an analysis of county level factors.
In 2006, we surveyed 732 general dentists in Oregon, USA about dental care for pregnant women. Survey items asked about individual and practice characteristics. In the present study we matched those data to county level factors and used multinomial logistic regression to test the effects of the factors (i.e., dentist to population ratio, percentage of female dentists, percentage of females of childbearing age, and percentage of individuals living in poverty) on counseling behavior.
County level factors were unrelated to counseling behavior when the models controlled for dentists' individual attitudes, beliefs, and practice level characteristics. The adjusted odds ratios for no counseling of pregnant patients (versus 100 percent counseling) were 1.1 (95% CI .8-1.7), 1.0 (1.0-1.1), 1.2 (.9-1.5), and 1.1 (1.0-1.2) for dentist/population ratio, percent female dentists, percent females of childbearing age, and percent in poverty, respectively Similar results were obtained when dentists who counseled some patients were compared to those counseling 100 percent of patients.
Community level factors do not appear to impact the individual counseling behavior of general dentists in Oregon, USA regarding the risk of maternal transmission of Early Childhood Caries.
BMC Oral Health 05/2013; 13(1):23. DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-13-23 · 1.13 Impact Factor
"Dental care providers also create barriers to care. A survey of general dentists in Oregon conducted by Huebner and colleagues (Huebner et al., 2009) found 71%of dentists reported low compensation by insurance plans was a barrier to providing counseling to pregnant patients; 11% said they were " too busy " to add counseling about oral health care for pregnant patients to their practices. A study of obstetrician gynecologists found 77% reported their pregnant women were " declined " treatment by dentists (Morgan, et al., 2009). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to understand US dentists' attitudes, knowledge, and practices regarding dental care for pregnant women and to determine the impact of recent papers on oral health and pregnancy and guidelines disseminated widely.
In 2006 and 2007, the investigators conducted a mailed survey of all 1,604 general dentists in Oregon; 55.2% responded). Structural equation modeling was used to estimate associations between dentists' attitudes toward providing care to pregnant women, dentists' knowledge about the safety of dental procedures, and dentists' current practice patterns.
Dentist's perceived barriers have the strongest direct effect on current practice and might be the most important factor deterring dentists from providing care to pregnant patients. Five attitudes (perceived barriers) were associated with providing less dental services: time, economic, skills, dental staff resistance, and peer pressure. The final model shows a good fit with a chi-square of 38.286 (p = .12; n = 772; df = 52) and a Bentler-Bonett normed fit index of .98 and a comparative fit index of .993. The root mean square error of approximation is .02.
Findings suggest that attitudes are significant determinants of accurate knowledge and current practice. Multidimensional approaches are needed to increase access to dental care and protect the oral health of women during pregnancy. Despite current clinical recommendations to deliver all necessary care to pregnant patients during the first, second, and third trimesters, dentists' knowledge of the appropriateness of procedures continues to lag the state of the art in dental science.
Women s Health Issues 09/2010; 20(5):359-65. DOI:10.1016/j.whi.2010.05.007 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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