Pulsed EPR determination of water accessibility to spin-labeled amino acid residues in LHCIIb.
ABSTRACT Membrane proteins reside in a structured environment in which some of their residues are accessible to water, some are in contact with alkyl chains of lipid molecules, and some are buried in the protein. Water accessibility of residues may change during folding or function-related structural dynamics. Several techniques based on the combination of pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) with site-directed spin labeling can be used to quantify such water accessibility. Accessibility parameters for different residues in major plant light-harvesting complex IIb are determined by electron spin echo envelope modulation spectroscopy in the presence of deuterated water, deuterium contrast in transversal relaxation rates, analysis of longitudinal relaxation rates, and line shape analysis of electron-spin-echo-detected EPR spectra as well as by the conventional techniques of measuring the maximum hyperfine splitting and progressive saturation in continuous-wave EPR. Systematic comparison of these parameters allows for a more detailed characterization of the environment of the spin-labeled residues. These techniques are applicable independently of protein size and require approximately 10-20 nmol of singly spin-labeled protein per sample. For a residue close to the N-terminus, in a domain unresolved in the existing x-ray structures of light-harvesting complex IIb, all methods indicate high water accessibility.
Article: Phosphorylation controls the three-dimensional structure of plant light harvesting complex II.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The most abundant chlorophyll-binding complex in plants is the intrinsic membrane protein light-harvesting complex II (LHC II). LHC II acts as a light-harvesting antenna and has an important role in the distribution of absorbed energy between the two photosystems of photosynthesis. We used spectroscopic techniques to study a synthetic peptide with identical sequence to the LHC IIb N terminus found in pea, with and without the phosphorylated Thr at the 5th amino acid residue, and to study both forms of the native full-length protein. Our results show that the N terminus of LHC II changes structure upon phosphorylation and that the structural change resembles that of rabbit glycogen phosphorylase, one of the few phosphoproteins where both phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated structures have been solved. Our results indicate that phosphorylation of membrane proteins may regulate their function through structural protein-protein interactions in surface-exposed domains.Journal of Biological Chemistry 08/1997; 272(29):18350-7. · 4.77 Impact Factor
Article: Shape of the hydrophobic barrier of phospholipid bilayers (evidence for water penetration in biological membranes).Journal of Membrane Biology 02/1974; 15(2):159-92. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Profiles of polarity across biological membranes are essential determinants of the cellular permeability barrier and of the stability of transmembrane proteins. High-field electron paramagnetic resonance of systematically spin-labeled lipid chains is used here to determine the polarity profiles of cholesterol-containing phospholipid membranes. The polarity dependence of the g(xx)-tensor element is opposite to the dependence on chain dynamics, and additionally has enhanced sensitivity to hydrogen bonding. Both features make high-field measurements superior to conventional determinations of local polarity from spin-label hyperfine couplings. The profile of g(xx) in dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine membranes with 5 or 40 mol% cholesterol is established with eleven positional isomers of phosphatidylcholine, spin labeled at positions n = 4-14 in the sn-2 chain. A sigmoidal barrier, centered about chain position n(o) approximately 8, mirrors the corresponding sigmoidal trough obtained from the spin-label hyperfine coupling, A(zz). For the different positions, n, it is found that partial differential g(xx)/ partial differential A(zz) = -2.4 T(-1), a high value that is characteristic of hydrogen-bonded spin labels. This demonstrates that the transmembrane polarity profile registered by spin labels corresponds to water penetration into the membrane. Inhomogeneous broadening of the g(xx)-spectral feature demonstrates heterogeneities of the water distribution in the regions of higher intramembrane polarity defined by n < 8. In the transition region between high- and low-polarity regions (n approximately 8), the g(xx)-feature consists of two components characteristic of coexisting hydrated and nonhydrated states.Biophysical Journal 08/2003; 85(2):1025-33. · 3.65 Impact Factor