Microwave tumors ablation: Principles, clinical applications and review of preliminary experiences

Department of Radiology, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy.
International Journal of Surgery (London, England) (Impact Factor: 1.53). 01/2009; 6 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):S65-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2008.12.028
Source: PubMed


Local ablative techniques have been developed to enable local control of unresectable tumors. Ablation has been performed with several modalities including ethanol ablation, laser ablation, cryoablation, and radiofrequency ablation. Microwave technology is a new thermal ablation technique for different types of tumors, providing all the benefits of radiofrequency and substantial advantages. Microwave ablation has been applied to liver, lung, kidney and more rarely to bone, pancreas and adrenal glands. Preliminary works show that microwave ablation may be a viable alternative to other ablation techniques in selected patients. However further studies are necessary to confirm short- and long-term effectiveness of the methods and to compare it with other ablative techniques, especially RF.

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    • "Hyperthermia has now been used to treat many kinds of solid malignancies including bone tumors, especially in conjunction with radiotherapy or chemotherapy [28], [29], [30], [31], [32]. Image-guided microwave ablation, as a kind of hyperthermia therapy, has already been widely used to treat bone lesions of the spine, pelvis and long bones [33], [34], [35]. Presently, most of the studies and clinical reports have mainly focused on the minimally invasive treatment of small benign or metastatic bone tumors. "
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