Family Antecedents and Consequences of Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms from Adolescence to Young Adulthood: A Life Course Investigation

Department of Human Development and Family Studies/Institute of Social and Behavioral Research, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50010, USA.
Journal of Health and Social Behavior (Impact Factor: 2.72). 01/2009; 49(4):468-83. DOI: 10.1177/002214650804900407
Source: PubMed


Using prospective data from 485 adolescents over a 10-year period, the present study identifies distinct segments of depressive symptom trajectories--a nonsignificant slope during adolescence and a significant negative slope during the transition to adulthood. The study hypothesized that different age-graded life experiences would differentially influence these depressive symptom growth parameters. The findings show that early stressful experiences associated with family-of-origin SES affect the initial level of depressive symptoms. Experiences with early transitional events during adolescence explain variation in the slope of depressive symptoms during the transition to adulthood. The growth parameters of depressive symptoms and an early transition from adolescence to adulthood constrain young adult social status attainment. Consistent with the life-course perspective, family-of-origin adversity is amplified across the life-course by successively contingent adverse circumstances involving life-transition difficulties and poor mental health. The findings also provide evidence for intergenerational transmission of social adversity through health trajectories and social pathways.

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    • "Moreover, very few studies have examined the effect of enacted stigma and anticipated stigma on trajectories of depressive symptoms across time. Emerging adulthood is characterized by multiple types of depressive symptom trajectories—with some individuals experiencing no change, some experiencing increased symptoms, and some experiencing decreased symptoms—as a result of their unique cognitive and emotional processing styles and discrete life events (e.g., Prinzie, van Harten, Deković, van den Akker, & Shiner, 2014; Wickrama, Conger, Lorenz, & Jung, 2008). Enacted stigma or anticipated stigma attributable to a concealable stigmatized identity could, therefore, have deleterious effects on depressive symptoms by modifying their underlying trajectory. "

    Self and Identity 11/2015; DOI:10.1080/15298868.2015.1091378 · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    • "Examples of childhood adversities which showed to be risk factors for mental health problems and poor educational attainment are parental death or illness [12] [13], bully victimization [14] [15], and family poverty [16] [17]. Adolescents suffering from mental health problems are at higher risk of poor school performance, school dropout, and low educational attainment [1] [18] [19]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aims of this study were to examine whether the association between childhood adversities and educational attainment in young adulthood can be explained by mental health problems in adolescence and whether associations and pathways differ for boys and girls. Methods: Data were used of 2,230 participants from the Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey, a Dutch prospective cohort study with a 9-year follow-up. Childhood adversities were measured at age 11 years, mental health problems (i.e., externalizing, internalizing and attention problems with Youth Self-Report) at age 16 years, and educational attainment at age 19 years. Structural equation modeling was performed to analyze the data, overall and stratified by gender. Results: Only among boys, childhood adversities were associated with low educational attainment in young adulthood. Externalizing problems in adolescence explained 5% of the association between childhood adversities and educational attainment. Furthermore, for both boys and girls, externalizing problems in adolescence had a direct effect on educational attainment in young adulthood. Conclusions: Among boys, childhood adversities are associated with poorer educational outcomes of young adults. A part of this association runs via adolescent externalizing problems. The results suggest that boys, compared with girls, are less capable to cope with childhood adversities. Monitoring of exposed boys to childhood adversities is of utmost importance.
    Journal of Adolescent Health 10/2015; 57(5):462-467. DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.08.004 · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    • "The results also reveal constant mental health differences based on sex/ gender and SES where men and those of high-SES background are advantaged. The results on general and sex/gender patterns in mental health from late adolescence to young adulthood support previous findings (Bell and Lee 2003; Copeland et al. 2014; Wickrama et al. 2008; Wilkins 2013). The drop in mental health in part mirror the findings by Patton et al. (2014), suggesting that young people may be vulnerable to poorer mental health at these ages. "

    Journal of Youth Studies 07/2015; DOI:10.1080/13676261.2015.1048205 · 1.38 Impact Factor
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