Casualized employment and turnover intention: home care workers in Ontario, Canada.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to examine the associations between casualized employment and turnover intention in home care. Casualized employment refers to employment conditions of non-permanent contracts, part-time or casual hours, involuntary hours, on-call work, split shifts, pay per visit, and hourly pay with variable hours. Casualized employment also refers to perceived employment insecurity and labour market insecurity. Data are from a survey of 991 visiting nurses, therapists and home support workers in a medium-sized city in Ontario, Canada. Results show that, controlling for many other factors, casual hours and perceived employment insecurity and labour market insecurity are positively and on-call work is negatively associated with home care workers' turnover intention. Non-permanent contract, part-time hours, involuntary hours, split shifts, and non-salaried pay are features of the market-modelled home care work environment and therefore may not be associated with turnover intention. Results provide evidence on the effects of casualized employment strategies on home care workers' turnover intention.
- Journal of Applied Psychology. 01/1991; 76:350--366.
- Academy of Management Journal. 01/2008; 42:450--462.
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ABSTRACT: Research on employee turnover since L. W. Porter and R. M. Steers's analysis of the literature reveals that age, tenure, overall satisfaction, job content, intentions to remain on the job, and commitment are consistently and negatively related to turnover. Generally, however, less than 20% of the variance in turnover is explained. Lack of a clear conceptual model, failure to consider available job alternatives, insufficient multivariate research, and infrequent longitudinal studies are identified as factors precluding a better understanding of the psychology of the employee turnover process. A conceptual model is presented that suggests a need to distinguish between satisfaction (present oriented) and attraction/expected utility (future oriented) for both the present role and alternative roles, a need to consider nonwork values and nonwork consequences of turnover behavior as well as contractual constraints, and a potential mechanism for integrating aggregate-level research findings into an individual-level model of the turnover process. (62 ref)Psychological Bulletin. 01/1979; 86:493--522.