[In vitro study of the effects of CDA-II combined with cAMP on apoptosis induction in retinoic acid resistant acute promyelocytic leukemia cells].
ABSTRACT To investigate the effects of CDA-II alone or combined with cAMP on the retinoic acid (RA)-resistant acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells.
The RA-resistant cell line NB4-R2 was used as an in vitro model and treated with CDA-II alone or in combination with cAMP. Cell apoptosis was assessed by morphology observation, distribution of cellular DNA contents and sub-G1 cell population. The level of Bcl-2 was detected by flow cytometry, DNA "ladder" was detected by agarose-electrophoresis.
CDA-II could induce NB4-R2 cell apoptosis through decreasing the level of cellular anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. cAMP could significantly enhance the role of CDA-II. Bcl-2 positive cell rates decreased to (15.1 +/- 4.8)% and (7.3 +/- 2.9)% in NB4-R2 cells treated with 1 mg/ml CDA-II plus 100 micromol/L cAMP for 48 h and 72 h, respectively. While 100 micromol/L of cAMP could decrease Bcl-2 positive NB4-R2 cells from (92.0 +/- 0.6)% to (75.3 +/- 2.0)%.
CDA-II combined with cAMP could exert potent apoptotic effect on RA-resistant APL cells.