STARR with Contour((R)) Transtar((TM)): prospective multicentre European study

Department of Surgery, Casa di Cura San Pio X, Milan, Italy.
Colorectal Disease (Impact Factor: 2.35). 11/2008; 11(8):821-7. DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-1318.2008.01714.x
Source: PubMed


The stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) in patients with defecation disorders is limited by the shape and capacity of the circular stapler. A new device has been recently developed, the Contour Transtar stapler, in order to improve the safety and effectiveness of the STARR technique. The study has been designed to confirm this declaration.
From January to June 2007 a prospective European multicentre study of consecutive patients with defecation disorder caused by internal rectal prolapse underwent the new STARR technique. The assessment of perioperative morbidity and functional outcome after 6 weeks, 3 and 12 months was documented by different scores.
In all 75 patients, median age 64, the Transtar procedure was performed with 9% intraoperative difficulties, 7% postoperative complications and no mortality. The mean reduction of the ODS score was -15.6 (95%-CI: -17.3 to -13.8, P < 0.0001), mean reduction of SSS was -12.6 (95%-CI: -14.2 to -11.2; P < 0.0001). 41% stated improvement of their continence status by CCF score, only 4 patients (5%) had deterioration.
The Transtar procedure is technically demanding, with good functional results similar to the conventional STARR.

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Available from: Franc H Hetzer,
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    • "STARR is advocated as a new technology for the treatment of obstructive defecation syndrome by excision of parts of intussusceptum. Delorme operation is a known method for the treatment of rectal prolapsed in which mucosa of prolapsing segment is removed and rectal muscle wall plicated.3,8,11,12 This results the elimination of blockage. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Pathophysiology and treatment of obstructive defecation syndrome (ODS) remains to be defined clearly. Rectal hidden intussusceptions and voluminous hemorrhoids may be the cause. Where conservative treatment is not effective, ODS can be treated by STARR or Delorme operation. In some patients treatment of advance hemorrhoidal disease may resolve the syndrome. Methods: 81 females out of 183 ODS patients were selected for the treatment by Delorme, STARR or 30 mAmp electrotherapy. Results: The number of patients treated by STARR, Delorme and Electrotherapy were 34, 31 and 16, with mean postoperative pain ranking of 2.5, 3.7 and 1.5 and mean hospital stay of 2.3, and 3.2 and 1 day respectively. Mean ODS score, preoperatively compared with one-year post operation, improved from 14.5 to 5.1 (P=0.005) in STARR, 13.8 to 4.3 (P=0.006) in Delorme and 14.2 to 12.8 (P=0.725) in electrotherapy groups. The mean severity score (SS) changed from 14.2, 15.18 and 13.90 preoperatively to 3.8, 4.12 and 11.34 postoperatively in all groups respectively. The mean resting pressures decreased from 82 to 65 in STARR (P=0.006), from 87 to 63 in Delorme (P=0.005) and from 79 to 74 mmHg (P=0.797) in electrotherapy groups. Postoperative defecography showed significant reduction in the intussusception parameter in STARR and Delorme (82.4% and 88% respectively; P<0.0001), but unchanged in electrotherapy group. Conclusion: STARR and Delorme are effective modalities for the treatment of patients with ODS, while STARR is simpler, less invasive and less painful. Although, electrotherapy eradicates the voluminous hemorrhoids but is ineffective in the treatment of ODS.
    Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences 09/2014; 39(5):440-5.
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    • "In 2009, we introduced a new technique of combined laparoscopic and transanal full thickness disc excision of endometriotic nodules infiltrating the low and mid rectum, using the Contour w Transtar TM stapler (Ethicon Endo-Surgery; Cincinnati) (Fig. 1). This device has been recently developed to perform stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) (Lenisa et al., 2009), which is a surgical procedure used since 2004 in the treatment of obstructed defecation syndrome secondary to internal rectal prolapse or rectocele (Boccasanta et al., 2004). The STARR procedure involves circumferential resection of the full thickness of redundant rectal wall followed by restoring continuity, with the aim of improving rectal function. "
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    ABSTRACT: Two surgical approaches are employed in the treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum (DIER): colorectal resection and nodule excision. In 2009, we introduced a new technique for transanal full thickness disc excision of endometriotic nodules infiltrating the low and middle rectum, using the Contour® Transtar™ stapler (Ethicon Endo-Surgery inc., Cincinnati, OH, USA). The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the technique and to present data on the feasibility of this technique. From April 2009 to October 2010, all patients presenting with DIER and undergoing full thickness excision using the Contour® Transtar™ stapler were enrolled in the study. Pre-, intra- and post-operative data were collected and reported. Six nulliparous women were managed using this technique during the study period. The rectal wall discs removed measured from 40 × 45 to 60 × 50 mm. In two cases, microscopic foci were noted on one of the margins but in four cases the limits were clear. Operating time varied from 180 to 450 min. Four women were completely free of post-operative digestive complaints. Despite the small numbers in this series, our data suggest that the new technique of transanal rectal disc excision using the contour stapler may be applied in patients with infiltrating endometrial nodules of the rectum up to 10 cm from the anal margin and up to 5 cm in diameter. This new procedure promises to be a useful addition to the surgeon's armamentarium in a multidisciplinary approach to deep pelvic endometriosis.
    Human Reproduction 12/2011; 27(2):418-26. DOI:10.1093/humrep/der422 · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    • "However, a number of complications have been reported [18]. Therefore, to optimize the technique, some authors have proposed modifying the stapler [19, 20] or using a single stapler, as proposed by Regadas et al. [21]. The present study evaluated 35 female patients with ODS caused by rectocele and internal rectal mucosal prolapse. "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to make a preoperative and postoperative clinical and functional evaluation of patients who underwent transanal repair of rectocele and rectal mucosectomy with a single circular stapler (TRREMS procedure) as treatment for obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) caused by rectocele and rectal mucosal prolapse (RMP). This prospective study included 35 female patients, 34 multiparous and one nulliparous, with an average age of 47.5 years (range 31-67 years), rectocele grade II (n = 13/37.1%) or grade III (n = 22/62.9%), associated with RMP. The study parameters included ODS, constipation, functional continence scores and pre- and postoperative cinedefecographic findings. The average preoperative ODS score, the constipation score and the functional continence score were significantly reduced after surgery from 10.63 to 2.91 (p = 0.001), 15.23 to 4.46 (p = 0.001) and 2.77 to 1.71 (p = 0.001), respectively. Between the first and the eighth postoperative day, the average visual analog scale pain score fell from 5.23 to 1.20 (p = 0.001). Satisfaction with treatment outcome was 79.97, 86.54, 87.65 and 88.06 at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months, respectively. Cinedefecography revealed average reductions in rectocele size from 19.23 ± 8.84 mm (3-42) to 6.68 ± 3.65 mm (range 0-7) at rest and from 34.89 ± 12.30 mm (range 20-70) to 10.94 ± 5.97 mm (range 0-25) during evacuation (both P = 0.001). The TRREMS procedure is a safe and efficient technique associated with satisfactory anatomic and functional results and with a low incidence of postoperative pain and complications.
    Techniques in Coloproctology 10/2010; 14(4):329-35. DOI:10.1007/s10151-010-0649-1 · 2.04 Impact Factor
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