STARR with Contour((R)) Transtar((TM)): prospective multicentre European study
ABSTRACT The stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) in patients with defecation disorders is limited by the shape and capacity of the circular stapler. A new device has been recently developed, the Contour Transtar stapler, in order to improve the safety and effectiveness of the STARR technique. The study has been designed to confirm this declaration.
From January to June 2007 a prospective European multicentre study of consecutive patients with defecation disorder caused by internal rectal prolapse underwent the new STARR technique. The assessment of perioperative morbidity and functional outcome after 6 weeks, 3 and 12 months was documented by different scores.
In all 75 patients, median age 64, the Transtar procedure was performed with 9% intraoperative difficulties, 7% postoperative complications and no mortality. The mean reduction of the ODS score was -15.6 (95%-CI: -17.3 to -13.8, P < 0.0001), mean reduction of SSS was -12.6 (95%-CI: -14.2 to -11.2; P < 0.0001). 41% stated improvement of their continence status by CCF score, only 4 patients (5%) had deterioration.
The Transtar procedure is technically demanding, with good functional results similar to the conventional STARR.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Franc H Hetzer, May 29, 2015
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ABSTRACT: Background: Pathophysiology and treatment of obstructive defecation syndrome (ODS) remains to be defined clearly. Rectal hidden intussusceptions and voluminous hemorrhoids may be the cause. Where conservative treatment is not effective, ODS can be treated by STARR or Delorme operation. In some patients treatment of advance hemorrhoidal disease may resolve the syndrome. Methods: 81 females out of 183 ODS patients were selected for the treatment by Delorme, STARR or 30 mAmp electrotherapy. Results: The number of patients treated by STARR, Delorme and Electrotherapy were 34, 31 and 16, with mean postoperative pain ranking of 2.5, 3.7 and 1.5 and mean hospital stay of 2.3, and 3.2 and 1 day respectively. Mean ODS score, preoperatively compared with one-year post operation, improved from 14.5 to 5.1 (P=0.005) in STARR, 13.8 to 4.3 (P=0.006) in Delorme and 14.2 to 12.8 (P=0.725) in electrotherapy groups. The mean severity score (SS) changed from 14.2, 15.18 and 13.90 preoperatively to 3.8, 4.12 and 11.34 postoperatively in all groups respectively. The mean resting pressures decreased from 82 to 65 in STARR (P=0.006), from 87 to 63 in Delorme (P=0.005) and from 79 to 74 mmHg (P=0.797) in electrotherapy groups. Postoperative defecography showed significant reduction in the intussusception parameter in STARR and Delorme (82.4% and 88% respectively; P<0.0001), but unchanged in electrotherapy group. Conclusion: STARR and Delorme are effective modalities for the treatment of patients with ODS, while STARR is simpler, less invasive and less painful. Although, electrotherapy eradicates the voluminous hemorrhoids but is ineffective in the treatment of ODS.Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences 09/2014; 39(5):440-5.
Article: Management of obstructed defecation.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The management of obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) is mainly conservative and mainly consists of fiber diet, bulking laxatives, rectal irrigation or hydrocolontherapy, biofeedback, transanal electrostimulation, yoga and psychotherapy. According to our experience, nearly 20% of the patients need surgical treatment. If we consider ODS an "iceberg syndrome", with "emerging rocks", rectocele and rectal internal mucosal prolapse, that may benefit from surgery, at least two out of ten patients also has "underwater rocks" or occult disorders, such as anismus, rectal hyposensation and anxiety/depression, which mostly require conservative treatment. Rectal prolapse excision or obliterative suture, rectocele and/or enterocele repair, retrograde Malone's enema and partial myotomy of the puborectalis muscle are effective in selected cases. Laparoscopic ventral sacral colporectopexy may be an effective surgical option. Stapled transanal rectal resection may lead to severe complications. The Transtar procedure seems to be safer, when dealing with recto-rectal intussusception. A multidisciplinary approach to ODS provides the best results.
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ABSTRACT: Obstructive defecation syndrome (ODS) is a common disorder with a considerable impact on the quality of life of affected patients. Surgery for ODS remains a challenging topic. There exists a great variety of operative techniques to treat patients with ODS. According to the surgeon's preference the approach can be transanal, transvaginal, transperineal or transabdominal. All techniques have its advantages and disadvantages. Notably, high evidence based studies are significantly lacking in literature, thus making accurate assessments difficult. Careful patient's selection is crucial to achieve optimal functional results. It is mandatory to assess not only defecation disorders but also evaluate overall pelvic floor symptoms, such as fecal incontinence and urinary disorders for choosing an appropriate and tailored strategy. Radiological investigation is essential but may not explain complaints of every patient.World Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2015; 21(1):1-5. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v21.i1.1 · 2.43 Impact Factor