Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is 1 of 2 main subtypes of RMS in the pediatric age group and tends to occur in the extremities. The urogenital tract is another common site for RMS, but this typically involves the embryonal subtype including sarcoma botryoides. We report a 28-year-old male with a prostatic tumor that was excised en bloc and showed a RMS with separate areas of embryonal and solid alveolar morphologies at the light microscopic level. Both areas showed diffuse nuclear expression for myogenin, and both areas expressed the PAX3-FKHR fusion gene, a genetic change associated with alveolar but not embryonal RMS. A review of the literature documented only 5 cases of RMS primary to the prostate showing alveolar or mixed histology. Ours is the 6th case and the 1st with molecular findings. Although the diagnostic category of mixed embryonal/alveolar RMS remains in use, the nature of this type of RMS is incompletely understood. In our case, although the morphology was mixed embryonal/alveolar, at the genetic level this tumor was alveolar in nature.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal tumours of the urinary bladder and prostate are infrequent neoplasms. The body of literature is growing with isolated case reports and short series, and the majority of cases are benign neoplasms. Other than stromal tumour of uncertain malignant potential and prostatic stromal sarcoma, both neoplasms derived from the specific prostatic stroma, the mesenchymal neoplasms in these locations are identical to their counterparts seen in other organs. However, the limited amount of tissue generated by biopsy and rarity of mesenchymal lesions in these sites create unique diagnostic difficulties, while correct classification of the neoplasm often bears significant impact on prognosis and therapeutic strategy. In this review we summarise the diagnostic features, focus on the differential diagnosis, and highlight the potential diagnostic pitfalls of mesenchymal tumours of the bladder and prostate.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Both benign and malignant pelvic masses are encountered in the pediatric population. Although ultrasonography remains the modality of choice for initial evaluation of a pediatric pelvic mass, in selected cases magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can add important diagnostic information. MR imaging has several advantages over ultrasonography and computed tomography, including superior contrast resolution and an ability to characterize abnormalities based on unique tissue characteristics. MR evaluation assists in lesion characterization, presurgical planning, and staging when a malignancy is suspected. MR imaging also offers a nonionizing imaging modality for long-term follow-up of patients undergoing therapy for malignant pelvic masses.
Magnetic resonance imaging clinics of North America 11/2013; 21(4):751-72. DOI:10.1016/j.mric.2013.07.002 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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