Mulheres vítimas de estrupo: contexto e enfrentamento dessa realidade

Psicologia & Sociedade 01/2005; 17(3). DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822005000300012

ABSTRACT RESUMO: Este artigo, parte da dissertação de mestrado da autora, analisa o contexto do estupro e seu enfrentamento pelas mulheres vitimadas e descreve o comportamento do estuprador com base na percepção da vítima. Cinco mulheres atendidas em um hospital de referência em HIV/AIDS responderam a entrevistas semi-estruturadas submetidas à técnica de análise de conteúdo. Os resultados evidenciaram a vulnerabilidade da mulher, não somente em lugares ermos e vias públicas, mas também no trabalho e residência. Diante da frieza e crueldade do estuprador, que manifesta oscilações comportamentais variáveis, desde ameaças de morte até choro após a violência, a mulher lança mão de estratégias de libertação e sobrevivência. A busca pelo atendimento configura-se em uma verdadeira via-crucis. Entretanto, a despeito dos traumas adquiridos, as mulheres mostraram profunda resiliência. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: estupro; violência; mulher. WOMEN RAPE VICTIMS: EXPERIENCES AND CONFRONTATION OF THIS REALITY ABSTRACT: This article, as part of the authors' dissertation for her Masters degree, analyzes the experience of rape and the way victims face the problem. It also describes the behavior of the rapist based on the victims' view. Five women, who were being attended in a HIV/AIDS reference hospital, answered semi-structured interviews that were submitted to the technique of content analysis. The results show the vulnerability of woman, not only in deserted places and public ways but also at work and at home. The victims use strategies of liberation and survival at the moment of rape, in face of the rapist who reveals himself as being cruel and cold, with emotional oscillations that may vary from death threats to crying after the rape. Reaching out for assistance constitutes a real via cruxes for the victims. However, despite the traumas, they have demonstrated a profound capacity of resilience.

1 Bookmark
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article objective is to understand the unconscious mechanisms that operate in resilience enabling individuals to overcome adversity, finding these, creative ways to overcome them. This article aims to analyze the scientific productions carried out through research with humans, which deals with the psychological mechanisms that favor the process of resilience in the databases LILACS, MEDLINE, ADOLEC, BDENF, PAHO and Index Psi from 1997 until 2007. The analysis of the article was performed using the technique of thematic content analysis in the light of Kleinian#039;s assumptions. Through this technique, we found two categories: reworking of the sense of pain or a wound, that showed integration capabilities of the loving and destructive elements and, believes in themselves and in others as a foundation in the process of identifying what is perceived in the other part of you. We can conjecture through the testimony described in the articles of people considered resilient that the two processes occur, each of which demonstrates different mechanisms in their occurrence.
    Psicologia em Estudo 09/2011; 16(3):369-378.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sexual violence against women is a public health problem that can result in medical, psychological and social consequences. Victims may suffer from post traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, eating disorders, sexual disorders and mood. Other consequences may be greater use or abuse of alcohol and drugs, health problems, reduced quality of life, satisfaction with life's commitment, with the body, with sexual activity and interpersonal relationships. There is a significant association between sexual violence and symptoms of dissociation, freezing, and hypervigilance. The relationship with the self-image, self-esteem and emotional relationships are also negatively affected, limiting the quality of life. These symptoms can be long lasting, extending for many years in the lives of these women.
    Reproducao & Climaterio. 09/2012; 27(3):98–103.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Oct 23, 2014