Dataset

Echogenic Uterine Fluid Collection as an Unusual Presentation of Endometrial Squamous Metaplasia

DOI: 10.1089/gyn.2012.0103

ABSTRACT Background: The optimal management of intrauterine fluid accumulation in postmenopausal women with cer-vical stenosis is currently debatable. Diagnostic challenge still remains, because of the low accuracy of sono-graphic histologic prediction. Case: In the case described, an asymptomatic postmenopausal woman was found to have an echogenic endometrial fluid collection on pelvic ultrasound, suspicious for uterine malignancy. Results: After a failed attempt at endometrial sampling secondary to cervical stenosis, the patient underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. The fluid-filled endometrial cavity was found to have extensive benign squamous differentiation. Conclusions: Extensive endometrial squamous metaplasia should be considered as a rare differential diagnosis when postmenopausal women are found to have echogenic intrauterine fluid collections on ultrasound. (J GYNECOL SURG 29:148)

0 Bookmarks
 · 
501 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A registry of ultrasound procedures spanning nearly 5 years was searched retrospectively to discover cases of endometrial cavity fluid collections in postmenopausal women. Twenty cases were identified; all medical records were available for review. One patient was lost to follow-up. Seventeen patients had surgical procedures: 11 had only a D&C, and six had a primary evaluation of laparotomy with removal of the uterus and adnexa. Five women had cancer (two ovarian, one tubal, one endometrial, and one cervical); eight women had benign gynecologic conditions, including uterine fibroids (five), ovarian serous cystadenoma (two), and cervical dysplasia (one). There were two cases of apparent subclinical pyometra. Five women had endometrial pathology consistent with prescribed hormone therapy for breast cancer (four) or endometrial hyperplasia (one).
    Obstetrics and Gynecology 01/1991; 77(1):119-23. · 4.80 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess postmenopausal women with endometrial fluid collection and the risk of significant endometrial or cervical disease. A retrospective chart review was conducted of 343 postmenopausal women with endometrial fluid collection on pelvic sonography. Medical records were reviewed to identify women who underwent an evaluation of the endometrium with endometrial biopsy, hysteroscopy, or hysterectomy after the sonographic examination. Clinical and sonographic characteristics were compared between women with diagnoses of cervical or endometrial cancer or hyperplasia (nonbenign group) and women with benign conditions (benign group). The endometrium was significantly thicker in the nonbenign group compared with the benign group (mean +/- SD, 9.9 +/- 7.4 versus 5.9 +/- 4.1 mm; P = .016). None of the patients with adenocarcinoma of the endometrium had endometrial thickness of 3 mm or less, but 2 with endocervical cancer did. Echogenic fluid in the endometrial cavity was significantly more likely to be found in the nonbenign group compared with the benign group (45.8% versus 4.8%; P < .01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that echogenic fluid in the endometrial cavity was the only significant risk factor for nonbenign conditions (odds ratio, 10.94; 95% confidence interval, 2.67-44.84; P < .01). Postmenopausal women with endometrial fluid collection on sonography should undergo endometrial sampling if the endometrial lining is thicker than 3 mm or the endometrial fluid is echogenic. If the lining is 3 mm or less and the endometrial fluid is clear, endometrial sampling is not necessary, but we recommend endocervical sampling to rule out endocervical cancer.
    Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 11/2005; 24(11):1477-81. · 1.40 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess possible endometrial pathology and other factors influencing the presence of uterine cavity fluid in postmenopausal women. A random sample of 559 asymptomatic postmenopausal women, recruited from the total population, were examined by transvaginal sonography (TVS) for the presence of uterine cavity fluid. Women with uterine cavity fluid who had an endometrial thickness of > or = 8 mm (including fluid) were admitted for hysteroscopy and a dilatation and curettage (D & C), and those with <8 mm underwent a new TVS examination one year later. A medical history, including details regarding previous minor gynecological surgery, was taken from the women and from an age-matched control-group of women from the same population. Uterine cavity fluid was found in 8.9% (50/559) of the women. In four women with an endometrium measuring > or = 8 mm, curettage revealed polyps in three women and atrophy with a pyometra in one woman. At the one-year follow-up, 22 women who originally had an endometrial thickness<8 mm had an endometrial thickness of<5 mm; 11 women had no cavity fluid and in the remaining 11 the cavity fluid had decreased. In 17 women, endometrial thickness measured > or = 5 mm and subsequent histology showed 11 endometrial biopsies with atrophy, four endometrial polyps and two cervical polyps. The prevalence of uterine cavity fluid increased with increasing age (p<0.0001) and was increased in smokers (p<0.013) but was unaltered by the presence or absence of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). There were no indications that uterine cavity fluid was associated with malignancy. The prevalence of uterine cavity fluid increased with increasing age and was higher in smokers. We could not demonstrate an increased prevalence of fluid in HRT-users.
    Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica 09/1998; 77(7):751-7. · 1.85 Impact Factor

Dataset

Download
64 Downloads
Available from
May 17, 2014