LCA5, a rare genetic cause of leber congenital amaurosis in Koreans.
ABSTRACT Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), the most severe form of inherited retinal dystrophy, is a genetically heterogenous disorder and more than nine genes only account for about half of LCA cases. Recently, LCA5 was identified as a rare genetic cause of LCA. Here, we analyzed the LCA5 gene in 14 LCA patients with no mutation identified in any other known LCA genes and 3 patients with one unclassified missense variant in RPGRIP1.
We analyzed all exons and flanking regions of the LCA5 gene using direct sequencing. We included 170 control subjects in this study to screen novel sequence variant and analyzed the functional effect of a missense variant using in-silico prediction.
No pathogenic mutation in LCA5 was found in our seventeen patients including 3 patients with one unclassified missense variant in RPGRIP1. We identified one novel missense variant, c.1642C>T (p.Pro548Ser), in exon 9. We considered it benign because it was found in control subjects and predicted not to be harmful to protein function on in-silico prediction. We identified another intronic variant, which has been confirmed to be benign through mRNA analysis.
This result shows that mutation in LCA5 is likely to be a rare genetic cause in Koreans and suggests that further investigation to identify other causative genes is necessary in Koreans.
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ABSTRACT: Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) causes blindness or severe visual impairment at or within a few months of birth. Here we show, using homozygosity mapping, that the LCA5 gene on chromosome 6q14, which encodes the previously unknown ciliary protein lebercilin, is associated with this disease. We detected homozygous nonsense and frameshift mutations in LCA5 in five families affected with LCA. In a sixth family, the LCA5 transcript was completely absent. LCA5 is expressed widely throughout development, although the phenotype in affected individuals is limited to the eye. Lebercilin localizes to the connecting cilia of photoreceptors and to the microtubules, centrioles and primary cilia of cultured mammalian cells. Using tandem affinity purification, we identified 24 proteins that link lebercilin to centrosomal and ciliary functions. Members of this interactome represent candidate genes for LCA and other ciliopathies. Our findings emphasize the emerging role of disrupted ciliary processes in the molecular pathogenesis of LCA.Nature Genetics 08/2007; 39(7):889-95. · 35.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Leber's congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by severe loss of vision at birth. It accounts for 10-18% of cases of congenital blindness. Some patients exhibit only blindness of retinal origin whereas others show evidence of a multi-systemic involvement. We review the literature relating to this severe disorder, highlighting unresolved questions, in particular the nature of the association of LCA with mental retardation and with systemic findings and syndromic pictures. In recent years, genetic advances in the diagnosis of LCA have opened up new horizons, also from a therapeutic point of view. A better understanding of this pathology would be valuable for paediatric neurologists.European Journal of Paediatric Neurology 02/2003; 7(1):13-22. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is the earliest and most severe form of all inherited retinal dystrophies, responsible for congenital blindness. Disease-associated mutations have been hitherto reported in seven genes. These genes are all expressed preferentially in the photoreceptor cells or the retinal pigment epithelium but they are involved in strikingly different physiologic pathways resulting in an unforeseeable physiopathologic variety. This wide genetic and physiologic heterogeneity that could largely increase in the coming years, hinders the molecular diagnosis in LCA patients. The genotyping is, however, required to establish genetically defined subgroups of patients ready for therapy. Here, we report a comprehensive mutational analysis of the all known genes in 179 unrelated LCA patients, including 52 familial and 127 sporadic (27/127 consanguineous) cases. Mutations were identified in 47.5% patients. GUCY2D appeared to account for most LCA cases of our series (21.2%), followed by CRB1 (10%), RPE65 (6.1%), RPGRIP1 (4.5%), AIPL1 (3.4%), TULP1 (1.7%), and CRX (0.6%). The clinical history of all patients with mutations was carefully revisited to search for phenotype variations. Sound genotype-phenotype correlations were found that allowed us to divide patients into two main groups. The first one includes patients whose symptoms fit the traditional definition of LCA, i.e., congenital or very early cone-rod dystrophy, while the second group gathers patients affected with severe yet progressive rod-cone dystrophy. Besides, objective ophthalmologic data allowed us to subdivide each group into two subtypes. Based on these findings, we have drawn decisional flowcharts directing the molecular analysis of LCA genes in a given case. These flowcharts will hopefully lighten the heavy task of genotyping new patients but only if one has access to the most precise clinical history since birth.Human Mutation 05/2004; 23(4):306-17. · 5.21 Impact Factor