Migration potential and gene expression profile of human mesenchymal stem cells induced by CCL25.
ABSTRACT Recruitment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to tissue damages is a promising approach for in situ tissue regeneration. The physiological mechanisms and regulatory processes of MSC trafficking to injured tissue remain poorly understood. However, the pivotal role of chemokines in MSC recruitment has already been shown. The aim of this study was to determine the migratory potential and the gene expression profile of MSC stimulated with the CC chemokine CCL25 (TECK). Bone marrow derived human MSC were exposed to different doses of CCL25 in a standardized chemotaxis assay. Microarray gene expression profiling and pathway analysis were performed for CCL25 stimulated MSC. Maximum migration of MSC towards CCL25 was observed at 10(3) nM. Microarray analysis revealed an induction of molecules directly involved in chemotaxis and homing of bone marrow cells (CXCL1-3, CXCL8, PDE4B), cytoskeletal and membrane reorganisation (CXCL8, PLD1, IGFBP1), cellular polarity (PLD1), and cell movement (CXCL1-3, CXCL6, CXCL8, PTGS2, PDE4B, TGM2). Respective chemokine secretion was confirmed by protein membrane-array analysis. The activation of CXCR2 ligands (CXCL1-3, CXCL5-6, CXCL8) and a LIF-receptor/gp130 ligand (LIF) indicated an involvement of the respective signaling pathways during initiation of chemotaxis and migration. These results suggest CCL25 as a new potential candidate for further in situ regeneration approaches.
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ABSTRACT: Chitosan-beta glycerophosphate-hydroxyethyl cellulose (CH-GP-HEC) is a biocompatible and biodegradable scaffold exhibiting a sol-gel transition at 37°C. Chondrogenic factors or mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be included in the CH-GP-HEC, and injected into the site of injury to fill the cartilage tissue defects with minimal invasion and pain. The possible impact of the injectable CH-GP-HEC on the viability of the encapsulated MSCs was assessed by propidium iodide-fluorescein diacetate (PI-FDA) staining. Proliferation of the human and rat MSCs was also determined by MTS assay on days 0, 7, 14, and 28 after encapsulation. To investigate the potential application of CH-GP-HEC as a drug delivery device, the in vitro release profile of insulin was quantified by QuantiPro-BCA(TM) protein assay. Chondrogenic differentiation capacity of the encapsulated human MSCs (hMSCs) was also determined after induction of differentiation with transforming growth factor β3 (TGF-β3). MSCs have very good survival and proliferative rates within CH-GP-HEC hydrogel during the 28 day investigation. A sustained release of insulin occurred over 8 days. The CH-GP-HEC hydrogel also provided suitable conditions for chondrogenic differentiation of the encapsulated hMSCs. In conclusion the high potential of CH-GP-HEC as an injectable hydrogel for cartilage tissue engineering is emphasised.Cell Biology International 01/2014; 38(1). DOI:10.1002/cbin.10181 · 1.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Multiple myeloma is a malignancy of terminally differentiated plasma cells and is incurable in the majority of the patients. Thus, novel effective treatment regimens are urgently needed. In this study, we examined the effects of co-treatment with proteasome-inhibitor bortezomib and topoisomerase II inhibitor etoposide in multiple myeloma cells lines OPM-2, RPMI-S and NCI-H929. Using the median effect method of Chou and Talalay, we evaluated the combination indices (CI) for simultaneous and sequential treatment schedules. In the sequential treatment schedule, we found strong synergistic effects in all three cell lines, even at low single-agent cytotoxicity levels. When cells were treated simultaneously with both drugs, the synergy was present but less pronounced than in the sequential treatment schedule. The synergistic effects observed in the co-treatment schedules were accompanied by an inhibition of anti-apoptotic effects that were induced by etoposide alone. Namely, bortezomib abrogated both etoposide-induced NF-kappaB activation and etoposide-induced bcl-2 up-regulation. Our data suggest that combining etoposide with bortezomib might be useful for cancer treatment, as bortezomib potentially inhibits counter-regulatory mechanisms of tumor cells, which are induced by topoisomerase II inhibition and which may contribute to acquired chemoresistance.Experimental Cell Research 06/2009; 315(14):2471-8. DOI:10.1016/j.yexcr.2009.04.019 · 3.37 Impact Factor