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Utilizacion de imagenologia bidimensional y tridimensional con fines Odontologicos

Revista de la Asociacion Dental Mexicana 01/2012; 19(3):114-9..

ABSTRACT Las radiografías tradicionales bidimensionales se han utilizadocomúnmente en todas las áreas de la odontología. Con la llegada de la imagenología tridimensional (3D) como alternativa, se han explotado una serie de posibilidades en el área de la investigacióny las especialidades odontológicas, principalmente en Cirugía Oral y Máxilofacial, Periodoncia, Prostodoncia (Implantología), así como también en Ortodoncia y Endodoncia. Este estudio pretende describir y comparar ambos sistemas radiológicos. Se concluyó que la imagen 3D es superior por su precisión, sin embargo su aún alto costo evita que se adopte como norma. Palabras clave: radiología, radiografía, 3D, tridimensional, ortopantomografía, cefalometrías, Implantología, tecnología dental.

Abstract. Traditional two-dimensional X-rays have long since been used in all areas of dentistry. With the advent of three-dimensional (3D) imaging as an alternative, a number of dental procedures have exploited the latter's potential, particularly in procedures relating to orthodontics, endodontics, and implantology, as well as in the field of research. This study aims to describe and compare both imaging systems. The conclusion drawn is that 3D imaging is superior due to its accuracy;however its high cost prevents its widespread adoption.

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Jun 1, 2014