Immediate blood pressure-lowering effects of aerobic exercise among patients with chronic kidney disease.
ABSTRACT The current study was designed to determine the effect of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on blood pressure responses within the laboratory for 60 min post exercise and in the subsequent 24 h period in patients with chronic kidney disease.
Twenty-four subjects with stages 2-4 chronic kidney disease (age = 54.5 +/- 15.2 years, body mass index = 32.0 +/- 5.9 kg/m(2)) on antihypertensive medication completed this study. In random counterbalanced order, subjects were asked to either walk for 40 min at 50-60% VO(2peak) (oxygen consumption) or, on a separate day, to sit quietly in the laboratory for the same length of time. Following exercise or the non-exercise period, blood pressure was taken at 10 min intervals for 60 min. Subjects then wore an ambulatory blood pressure monitor for the next 24 h.
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) was reduced by 6.5 +/- 10.8 compared with the pre-exercise baseline value (130.3 +/- 21.1) in the laboratory after exercise and this was greater than after the control period (0.73 +/- 10.3, P < 0.05). Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) was reduced following exercise (2.5 +/- 6.4) compared with the control period (2.1 +/- 4.9, P < 0.05). The mean 24 h readings did not differ between exercise or non-exercise days.
Acute aerobic exercise leads to reduced blood pressure for at least 60 min within the laboratory in chronic kidney disease patients.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to observe the magnitude and duration of the ambulatory blood pressure (BP) reduction following exercise and to identify the peak intervals of BP reduction throughout the 24-h diurnal period. Subjects were 25 normo- (N = 116.7/ 78.2+/-10.0/7.2 mm Hg) and 21 hypertensive (H = 140.8/96.9+/-13.9/9.6 mm Hg) adults. Twenty-four hour ambulatory blood pressures (SBP = systolic and DBP = diastolic) were recorded following exercise (E = 50 min @ 50% VO2 max) and during a non-exercise control day (C). The 24-h pressures were compared between the E and C days for (1) duration and magnitude of the BP reduction following exercise, and for (2) the time of day for the diurnal patterns to exhibit reductions in BP. No BP differences were found for N between E and C days. Significant reductions in BP were found for 24-h average SBP (decrease 6.8 mm Hg) and DBP (decrease 4.1 mm Hg), daytime (06.00-22.00 hrs) SBP (decrease 6.9 mm Hg) and DBP (decrease 3.3 mm Hg), and sleep (22.00-06.00) SBP (decrease 5.1 mm Hg) and DBP (decrease 4.4 mm Hg) for H subjects only. H also demonstrated an 11 h reduction in SBP (chi = decrease 8.3+/-2.2 mm Hg) and 4h reduction in DBP (chi = decrease 6.0+/-1.7 mm Hg) following exercise. For the diurnal variation, the peak interval of reduction in SBP (chi = 17.0+/-2.6 mm Hg) was for 11 h; from 11.00-21.00 hrs. For DBP, a significant reduction (chi = decrease 5.7+/-0.7 mm Hg) was found for 5 h; from 11.00-15.00 h. Thus, exercise reduces both systolic and diastolic BP for a significant length of time postexercise as well as reduces pressures during the time of day that typically exhibits higher diurnal pressures.Journal of Human Hypertension 07/1999; 13(6):361-6. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: It is well known that both pressure and volume overloads contribute to left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and left ventricular dilatation in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Few studies have evaluated the association between increased pulse wave velocity (PWV) and LVH in CKD patients not yet receiving dialysis. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between arterial stiffness and cardiac remodelling in patients with CKD, and to determine the independent factors associated with increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and left ventricular volume index (LVVI). This cross-sectional study included 96 patients with CKD. Echocardiography and measurement of arterial stiffness by PWV were performed. Clinical and echocardiographic parameters were compared and analysed. Associated with the increase of PWV, there were significant trends for progressive increase in LVMI, LVH, LVVI, left ventricular dilatation and left atrium in CKD patients. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that decreased PWV, in addition to increased haemoglobin and the use of beta-blocker, was an independent determinant associated with decrease in LVMI and LVVI. Our study demonstrated the progressive structural remodelling of left ventricle and left atrium in CKD patients associated with increased severity of arterial stiffness. PWV was an important determinant of LVMI and LVVI in CKD patients.Nephrology 01/2008; 12(6):591-7. · 1.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mild to moderate acute, endurance exercise has generally been shown to reduce blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive (HT) individuals. Whether a slightly more strenuous bout of exercise can elicit a greater and more prolonged BP reduction is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two, 30-min exercise bouts, conducted at 50% and 75% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), on the quantity and quality of BP reduction over a 24-h period. Sixteen, Stage 1 and 2 non-medicated, HT (8 men/8 women) subjects were matched with normotensive (NT) men and women (n = 16). All subjects were evaluated for VO2max with a symptom-limited treadmill test and then completed a 30-min exercise bout at 50% and 75% of VO2max as well as a control (no exercise) session in random fashion on separate days. Twenty-four hour ambulatory BPs were measured after both the exercise and control settings. Data was assessed at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 h post-exercise and control session. A repeated-measures ANOVA showed non-significant differences between HT men and women and that both exercise intensities, relative to the control session, significantly (P<0.05) reduced systolic (S) and diastolic (D) BPs. NT subjects showed non-significant reductions following both intensities. The reductions in the HT men and women averaged 4 and 9 mm Hg (SBP)/5 and 7 mm Hg (DBP) for 50% and 75%, respectively. On average, the HT subjects (men and women combined) maintained significant SBP reductions for 13 h after the 75% bout compared to 4 h after the 50% intensity. Likewise, DBP was reduced for an average of 11 h following the 75% bout compared to 4 h after the 50% intensity. These results suggest that an exercise bout conducted between 50-75% VO2max significantly decreases SBP and DBP in HT subjects and that a greater and longer-lasting absolute reduction is evident following a 75% of maximum bout of exercise.Journal of Human Hypertension 09/2000; 14(9):547-53. · 2.82 Impact Factor