BIOMEDICINA Y CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD, Psicología Experimental: Documentos más citados (citables reclassificados)

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    ABSTRACT: Facial expression processing specificity was investigated by means of event-related potentials (ERPs). Stimuli consisted on happiness facial expressions (H) along with three other visual stimuli with different physical and affective characteristics: neutral facial expressions, landscapes and grey slides. The 32 subjects had to rate the stimuli with respect to two affective dimensions: 'valence' and 'arousal'. EEG was recorded at T7, T8, Fz and Cz, and the epoch was of 1000 ms (100 ms prior to stimulus onset). Analyses revealed that the variability of N200 and P200 components, which were not able to detect a differential activity in response to H stimuli, could be explained in terms of physical complexity and relevance of the stimuli. N300 did detect a differentiation between H and the rest of stimuli, sharing some characteristics of previous and later components. With respect to late components, P300 seemed to reflect the trends of 'arousal' ratings and SW results suggest that its amplitude was influenced by the stimulus recognition effort. Not a clear right or left hemisphere advantage in facial expression processing was found. These ERP results suggest that the specificity of facial expression processing is not strictly circumscribed to a particular latency or to a specific neural area, but it resides in a particular combination of discrete processes.
    International Journal of Psychophysiology 05/1995; 19(3):183-92. DOI:10.1016/0167-8760(95)00004-C · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Snodgrass and Vanderwart (1980) picture set was standardized for a Spanish sample (N = 261). The present article shows the main results, but more explicitly, it shows the differences between English and Spanish data. This evidence justifies the statement that normative data of cognitive stimuli cannot be taken into another language directly, because object names that are very common in one language may not be so in another, or objects that have a specific name in one language may have a generic name in another, and so on. Finally, because of the potential usefulness of the data for bilingualism studies, the Spanish data are presented jointly with the English data.
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    ABSTRACT: Similarities between Pavlovian conditioning in nonhumans and causal judgment by humans suggest that similar processes operate in these situations. Notably absent among the similarities is backward blocking (i.e., retrospective devaluation of a signal due to increased valuation of another signal that was present during training), which has been observed in causal judgment by humans but not in Pavlovian responding by animals. The authors used rats to determine if this difference arises from the target cue being biologically significant in the Pavlovian case but not in causal judgment. They used a sensory preconditioning procedure in Experiments 1 and 2, in which the target cue retained low biological significance during the treatment, and obtained backward blocking. The authors found in Experiment 3 that forward blocking also requires the target cue to be of low biological significance. Thus, low biological significance is a necessary condition for a stimulus to be vulnerable to blocking.
    Journal of Experimental Psychology General 12/1996; 125(4):370-86. DOI:10.1037/0096-3445.125.4.370 · 5.50 Impact Factor
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