Mutual coupling reduction in microstrip antennas by using dual layer uniplanar compact EBG (UC-EBG) structure

01/2010; DOI: 10.1109/ICMMT.2010.5525255

ABSTRACT Electromagnetic band-gap (EBG) structures can serve in the reduction of mutual coupling by using their capability of suppressing surface waves propagation in a given frequency range. In this paper, a dual layer uni-planar compact EBG (UC-EBG) structure is analyzed and its dispersion diagram is extracted using the commercial finite element full wave solver High Frequency Structure Simulation (HFSS). This UC-EBG structure can be built using planar fabrication technique without any modification. The dual layer UC-EBG structure, having a lower resonant frequency than the single layer one, is inserted between E-plane coupled microstrip antenna arrays to reduce the mutual coupling. This method has been verified by the HFSS simulations and as a result, a significant 17 dB mutual coupling reduction is noticed from the simulations.

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    ABSTRACT: The periodic structure like electromagnetic band gap (EBG) is a hot research topic in the academia and RF-microwave industry due to their extraordinary surface wave suppression property. This study involved in designing a compact uni-planar type EBG structure for a 2.4 GHz resonant frequency band. Double folded bend metallic connecting lines are successfully utilized to realize a low frequency structure while a size reduction of 61% is achieved compared to the theoretically calculated size. From the transmission response, the surface wave band gap (SWBG) is found to be 1.2 GHz (1.91–3.11 GHz) whereas the artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) characteristic is observed at 3.3 GHz. The FEM based EM simulator HFSS is used to characterize the EBG structure. The SWBG property is utilized for alleviation of mutual coupling between elements of a microstrip antenna array. A 2 × 5 EBG lattice is inserted between the E-plane coupled array which reduced the coupling level by 17 dB without any adverse effect on the radiation performances.
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    ABSTRACT: A compact planar meander-bridge high impedance electromagnetic structure (MBHIES) was designed and its bandgap characteristics, mutual coupling reduction abilities were studied and compared in detail. Several parametric analyses were performed to obtain optimized design values and the transmission responses were calculated through the suspended microstrip line and waveguide simulation methods. The achieved bandgap is 2.3 GHz (2.55–4.85 GHz) with −61 dB minimum transmission coefficient level at the center frequency of 3.6 GHz. To see the effectiveness, the proposed design was inserted between a microstrip patch antenna array which operates at 3.8 GHz and whose operating bandwidth falls within the MBHIES bandgap. The surface wave suppression phenomenon was analyzed and simulated results are verified by measuring the fabricated prototypes, both are in good agreement. The configuration reduced the mutual coupling by 20.69 dB in simulation and 19.18 dB in measurement, without affecting the radiation characteristics of the array but increasing the gain slightly.
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    ABSTRACT: Based on the concept of slow wave propagation, a dual-layer electromagnetic band gap (EBG) mushroom structure is used to reduce the area of a patch multi-antenna sub-system. While the inner layer aids in the antenna miniaturization, the more compact upper layer helps in further reduction of the mutual coupling between the miniaturized patch antennas which is otherwise not possible for a single-layer EBG. Simulation is also performed for the mutual coupling and radiation characteristics of the multi-antenna structure for different inter-element separations which are experimentally verified.