Cell block technique and cytological smears for the differential diagnosis of pancreatic neoplasms after endosonography-guided fine-needle aspiration.
ABSTRACT Cytological smear is widely employed to analyse specimens obtained from endosonography-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), but false-negative or inconclusive results may occur. A better diagnostic yield can be obtained from processing cell blocks. We compared the effectiveness of the cell block technique and cytological smear in the diagnosis of pancreatic neoplasms. From January 1997 to December 2006, 611 patients with pancreatic tumors were evaluated by EUS-FNA. Surgery was performed in 356 cases, and the other 255 patients were followed clinically for an average of 12.8 months. In total, 282 (46.2%) patients were evaluated with cytological smears, and 329 (53.8%) were evaluated using only cell blocks. Malignant disease was detected in 352 (57.6%) cases, in which adenocarcinoma accounted for 236 (67%) cases. A benign disease was found in the other 259 cases, including 35.1% focal chronic pancreatitis and 32.4% pseudocysts. Aspiration samples were satisfactory in 595 (97.4%) patients after an average of 2.2 (1-4) passes of the needle. Regardless of the cytopathological examination technique, EUS-FNA confirmed malignancy in 269 of 352 (76.4%) cases, and a benign disease in 257 of 259 (99.2%) cases. For patients who received surgery with histologically confirmed lesions, the sensitivity specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of the smears versus cell blocks in diagnosing pancreatic tumors were 61% versus 85.2% (P<0.001), 100% versus 93.1%, 100% versus 98.4%, 36% versus 55.1% (P=0.046) and 68% versus 86.5% (P<0.001), respectively The cell block technique demonstrated a hig her sensitivity, negative predictive value and accuracy than cytological smears.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Metastases to the pancreas are rare, and usually mistaken for primary pancreatic cancers. This study aimed to describe the histology results of solid pancreatic tumours obtained by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) for diagnosis of metastases to the pancreas. METHODS: In a retrospective review, patients with pancreatic solid tumours and history of previous extrapancreatic cancer underwent EUS-FNA from January/1997 to December /2010. Most patients were followed-up until death and some of them were still alive at the end of the study. The performance of EUS-FNA for diagnosis of pancreatic metastases was analyzed. Symptoms, time frame between primary tumour diagnosis and the finding of metastases, and survival after diagnosis were also analyzed. RESULTS: 37 patients underwent EUS-FNA for probable pancreas metastases. Most cases (65%) presented with symptoms, especially upper abdominal pain (46%). Median time between detection of the first tumour and the finding of pancreatic metastases was 36 months. Metastases were confirmed in 32 (1.6%) cases, 30 of them by EUS-FNA, and 2 by surgery. Other 5 cases were non-metastatic. Most metastases were from lymphoma, colon, lung, and kidney. Twelve (32%) patients were submitted to surgery. Median survival after diagnosis of pancreatic metastases was 9 months, with no difference of survival between surgical and non-surgical cases. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of EUS-FNA with histology analysis of the specimens for diagnosis of pancreatic metastases were, respectively, 93.8%, 60%, 93.8%, 60% and 89%. CONCLUSION: EUS-FNA with histology of the specimens is a sensitive and accurate method for definitive diagnosis of metastatic disease in patients with a previous history of extrapancreatic malignancies.BMC Gastroenterology 04/2013; 13(1):63. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To elucidate the diagnostic efficacy of the cell block (CB) method by comparing it with that of conventional smear cytology for pancreatic juice obtained by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in a randomized controlled trial fashion. A total of 170 patients with pancreatic lesions suspicious of being malignant who underwent pancreatic juice collection without giving secretin under ERCP were enrolled in this study. After sampling, the pancreatic juice was randomized to the CB method (n = 85) or to smear cytology (n = 85). CB sections were subjected to hematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid Schiff-Alcian blue, and immunohistochemical stains. Both Papanicolaou stain and Giemsa stain were used for smear cytology. The final diagnosis was malignancy in 54 patients: pancreatic cancer, 45; intraductal papillary-mucinous carcinoma, six; and endocrine tumor, three. The number of patients with a cytological borderline malignancy in the CB group (3.5%) was significantly smaller than that in the smear group (27.1%) (P < 0.001). The diagnostic accuracy of the CB method and that of smear cytology were 76.5% (65/85) and 74.1% (63/85), respectively (P = 0.72), and their respective sensitivities were 50% (14/28) and 38.5% (10/26) (P = 0.39). The sensitivity of the CB method (88.9%) was better than that of smear cytology (42.9%) for invasive ductal carcinoma in the pancreas head (P = 0.048). The CB method using immunostaining for pancreatic juice cytology showed a much lower rate of equivocal borderline malignancy and a tendency for a higher diagnostic yield compared with smear cytology. Its diagnostic sensitivity, however, was not satisfactory except for pancreatic-head cancer.Digestive Endoscopy 05/2012; 24(3):168-74. · 1.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the use of the cell block technique as a safe, accurate and quick tool for the cytodiagnosis of mycetoma. The study included 240 patients with suspected mycetoma. The suspected lesion was aspirated and the aspirated material was processed to form cell blocks. The cell blocks were processed as described for routine tissue histopathological examination. Haematoxylin/eosin-stained sections were reviewed to identify the morphological features of the mycetoma grains and the different inflammatory tissue reactions. The findings were compared with those seen in histopathological sections. The different mycetoma grains showed distinct morphological features on the cell block that were identical to those seen in histopathological sections. Distinction between eumycetoma and actinomycetoma and their classification according to the causative agent were possible. The cell block technique had sensitivities of 87.5% and 85.7% for eumycetoma and actinomycetoma, respectively, and there were no statistical differences in the findings obtained by the cell block and histopathological techniques. The technique is simple, rapid, specific, sensitive and inexpensive. It can be used in the routine diagnosis of mycetoma and to obtain grains for culture identification. The cell blocks can be preserved for a long period for future studies.Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 09/2009; 104(1):6-9. · 1.82 Impact Factor