Differences in drinking behavior and access to alcohol between Native American and white adolescents.

Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, California 94704, USA.
Journal of Drug Education (Impact Factor: 0.28). 02/2008; 38(3):273-84. DOI: 10.2190/DE.38.3.e
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We investigated differences in drinking behaviors and sources of alcohol among Native American (n=361) and White adolescents (n=1735), ages 11 to 19. Native American youth were more likely to have consumed alcohol in their lifetime and been intoxicated in the last 30 days than Whites. Native American drinkers were almost twice as likely to have gotten alcohol from an adult and twice as likely to have obtained alcohol from someone under 21. White drinkers were four times as likely to have obtained alcohol from their parents. Youth did not differ in access to alcohol from other social sources. Because youth access alcohol from different social sources, strategies to limit access must consider these differences. This study underscores the importance of examining ethnic-specific alcohol access patterns.


Available from: Joel W Grube, Dec 16, 2013
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite efforts to limit underage access to alcohol, alcohol availability remains a challenge for youth drinking prevention. This article fills a gap in our understanding of alcohol consumption among youths by systematically investigating how and under what circumstances they obtain alcohol and the context within which they consume it. Qualitative interviews (n = 47) were conducted with teens to collect information about where and how they obtain alcohol and the contexts within which they drink. Respondents were knowledgeable about commercial and social sources and used this knowledge in their decision making regarding where to obtain alcohol. Teens used their social relationships to circumvent existing policies designed to limit underage access to alcohol. Findings indicate that the majority of teens' drinking occasions occur in their own or someone else's home.
    Journal of Drug Education 01/2013; 43(4):385-403. DOI:10.2190/DE.43.4.f · 0.28 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The potentially negative effects of drinking alcohol, smoking tobacco, using illicit drugs, gambling, and exposure to violent or otherwise detrimental movies or games are widely acknowledged. Risks may involve harm to people’s mental or physical health and/or their social well-being. These risks may be especially valid for specific groups in society. Societies generally aim to protect children and adolescents from risky products. Availability can be seen as an important predictor of adolescent consumption of risky products. In order to reduce underage sales, in many countries so-called age limits have been introduced. Age limits serve to prevent young people’s access and exposure to risky products and to delay the age at which young people may start consumption. In addition to this so-called threshold effect, there has been speculation regarding the possible occurrence of an opposite effect. The forbidden fruit theory suggests that age limits may make restricted commodities more attractive. The studies presented in this dissertation focus on the issue of compliance with age limits and the effects of various interventions that were designed to increase compliance with age limits. Furthermore, the possibility of a forbidden fruit effect was examined. Based on the empirical chapters of this dissertation, raising awareness and providing feedback are distinguished as the essential instruments in increasing knowledge, ability and motivation and subsequently improving compliance. Age limits are an important first step towards protecting adolescents against risky products. Without actual attention to the issue of compliance, however, their contribution will remain limited.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A total of 366 American Indian students in grades 7 through 12 completed the PRIDE questionnaire. Recent alcohol use was reported by 31.9% of students, whereas 26.7% reported frequent episodic heavy drinking. One in three students felt it was harmful/very harmful to use alcohol and less than half felt alcohol was easy/very easy to obtain. A series of odds ratios found perceiving alcohol as harmful and having parents and peers who disapproved of any alcohol use reduced the odds of alcohol use. Findings may be beneficial to health professionals in developing effective prevention and intervention programs for American Indian youths.
    Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse 08/2014; 23(5):334-346. DOI:10.1080/1067828X.2014.928117 · 0.62 Impact Factor