Does portal-superior mesenteric vein invasion still indicate irresectability for pancreatic carcinoma?
ABSTRACT Pancreatic carcinoma frequently infiltrates the portal vein or the superior mesenteric vein; pancreatectomy combined with portal vein/superior mesenteric vein resection represents a potentially curative treatment in these cases but is still a controversial procedure.
After performing a computerized Medline search, 12 series published during the last 8 years were selected, enrolling 399 patients who underwent pancreatectomy combined with portal vein/superior mesenteric vein resection for pancreatic carcinoma. Data were examined for information about indications, operation, adjuvant therapies, histopathology of resected specimens, perioperative results, and survival. Also, previous literature regarding the issue was extensively reviewed.
Operative mortality and postoperative complication rates ranged from 0 to 7.7% and 16.7% to 54%, respectively. Median survival varied from 13 to 22 months; 5-year survival rate ranged from 9% to 18%.
The current literature suggests that portal vein/superior mesenteric vein resection combined with pancreatectomy is a safe and feasible procedure that increases the number of patients who undergo curative resection and, therefore, provides important survival benefits to selected groups of patients. This procedure should always be considered in case of suspected tumor infiltration of portal/superior mesenteric vein to achieve clear resection margins, in the absence of other contraindications for resection.
SourceAvailable from: Luis Marín-Gómez[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This review focused in the perioperative management of patients with pancreatic cancer in order to improve the outcome of the disease. We consider that the most controversial points in pancreatic cancer management are jaundice management, vascular resection and neo-adjuvant therapy. Preoperative biliary drainage is recommended only in patients with severe jaundice, as it can lead to infectious cholangitis, pancreatitis and delay in resection, which can lead to tumor progression. The development of a phase III clinical trial is mandatory to clarify the role of neo-adjuvant radiochemotherapy in pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Venous resection does not adversely affect postoperative mortality and morbidity, therefore, the need for venous resection should not be a contraindication to surgical resection in selected patients. The data on arterial resection alone, or combined with vascular resection at the time of pancreatectomy are more heterogeneous, thus, patient age and comorbidity should be evaluated before a decision on operability is made. In patients undergoing R0 resection, arterial resection can also be performed.World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2014; 20(39):14237-14245. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v20.i39.14237 · 2.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is a leading cause of cancer mortality and the incidence of this disease is expected to continue increasing. While patients with pancreatic cancer have traditionally faced a dismal prognosis, over the past several years various advances in diagnosis and treatment have begun to positively impact this disease. Identification of effective combinations of existing chemotherapeutic agents, such as the FOLFIRINOX and the gemcitabine + nab-paclitaxel regimen, has improved survival for selected patients although concerns regarding their toxicity profiles remain. A better understanding of pancreatic carcinogenesis has identified several pre-malignant precursor lesions, such as pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasias, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms, and cystic neoplasms. Imaging technology has also evolved dramatically so as to allow early detection of these lesions and thereby facilitate earlier management. Surgery remains a cornerstone of treatment for patients with resectable pancreatic tumors, and advances in surgical technique have allowed patients to undergo resection with decreasing perioperative morbidity and mortality. Surgery has also become feasible in selected patients with borderline resectable tumors as a result of neoadjuvant therapy. Furthermore, pancreatectomy involving vascular reconstruction and pancreatectomy with minimally invasive techniques have demonstrated safety without significantly compromising oncologic outcomes. Lastly, a deeper understanding of molecular aberrations contributing to the development of pancreatic cancer shows promise for future development of more targeted and safe therapeutic agents.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The use of prosthetic grafts for superior mesenteric-portal vein reconstruction (SMPVR) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with venous resection remains controversial. We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of using polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) interposition grafts for SMPVR after PD.Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 06/2014; 18(8). DOI:10.1007/s11605-014-2549-6 · 2.39 Impact Factor