Article

Meta Association of Colorectal Cancer Confirms Risk Alleles at 8q24 and 18q21

Genetic Epidemiology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84109, USA.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention (Impact Factor: 4.32). 02/2009; 18(2):616-21. DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0690
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Genome-wide association studies of colorectal cancer (CRC) have identified genetic variants that reproducibly associate with CRC. Associations of 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms at 8q24, 9p24, and 18q21 (SMAD7) and CRC were investigated in a three-center collaborative study including two U.K. case-control cohorts (Sheffield and Leeds) and a U.S. case-control study of CRC cases from high-risk Utah pedigrees.
Our combined resource included 1,092 CRC case subjects and 1,060 age- and sex-matched controls. Meta statistics and Monte Carlo significance testing using Genie software provided a valid combined analysis of our mixed independent and related case-control resource. We also evaluated whether these associations differed by sex, age at diagnosis, family history, or tumor site.
At 8q24, we observed two independent significant associations at single nucleotide polymorphisms located in two different risk regions of 8q24: rs6983267 in region 3 [P(trend) = 0.01; per allele odds ratio (OR), 1.17; 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), 1.03-1.32] and rs10090154 in region 5 (P(trend) = 0.05; per allele OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.01-1.51). At 18q21, associations were observed in distal colon tumors but not in proximal or rectal cancers: rs4939827 (P(trend) = 0.007; per allele OR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.64-0.93; case-case p(diff) = 0.03) and rs12953717 (P(trend) = 0.01; per allele OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.06-1.52). We were unable to detect any associations at 9p24 with CRC.
Our investigation confirms that variants across multiple risk regions of 8q24 are associated with CRC, and that associations at 18q21 differ by tumor site.

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