Evaluation of stable isotope labelling strategies for the quantitation of CP4 EPSPS in genetically modified soya.
ABSTRACT The introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops into the market has raised a general alertness relating to the control and safety of foods. The applicability of protein separation hyphenated to mass spectrometry to identify the bacterial enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (CP4 EPSPS) protein expressed in GM crops has been previously reported [M.F. Ocana, P.D. Fraser, R.K.P. Patel, J.M. Halket, P.M. Bramley, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 21 (2007) 319.]. Herein, we investigate the suitability of two strategies that employ heavy stable isotopes, i.e. AQUA and iTRAQ, to quantify different levels of CP4 EPSPS in up to four GM preparations. Both quantification strategies showed potential to determine whether the presence of GM material is above the limits established by the European Union. The AQUA quantification procedure involved protein solubilisation/fractionation and subsequent separation using SDS-PAGE. A segment of the gel in which the protein of interest was located was excised, the stable isotope labeled peptide added at a known concentration and proteolytic digestion initiated. Following recovery of the peptides, on-line separation and detection using LC-MS was carried out. A similar approach was used for the iTRAQ workflow with the exception that proteins were digested in solution and generated tryptic peptides were chemically tagged. Both procedures demonstrated the potential for quantitative detection at 0.5% (w/w) GM soya which is a level below the current European Union's threshold for food-labelling. In this context, a comparison between the two procedures is provided within the present study.
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ABSTRACT: Stable-isotope dimethyl labeling was applied to the quantification of genetically modified (GM) soya. The herbicide-resistant gene-related protein 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (CP4 EPSPS) was labeled using a dimethyl labeling reagent, formaldehyde-H2 or -D2. The identification and quantification of CP4 EPSPS was performed using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). The CP4 EPSPS protein was separated from high abundance proteins using strong anion exchange chromatography and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Then, the tryptic peptides from the samples and reference were labeled with formaldehyde-H2 and formaldehyde-D2, respectively. The two labeled pools were mixed and analyzed using MALDI-MS. The data showed a good correlation between the peak ratio of the H- and D-labeled peptides and the GM soya percentages at 0.5, 1, 3, and 5 %, with R (2) of 0.99. The labeling reagents are readily available. The labeling experiments and the detection procedures are simple. The approach is useful for the quantification of GM soya at a level as low as 0.5 %.Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 06/2014; · 3.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A CE-TOF MS proteomic approach was applied for the analysis of hydrolyzates from complex soybean protein mixtures. After CE-TOF MS method development, the new approach provided the simultaneous analysis of more than 150 peptides from the soybean protein fraction soluble in ACN-water (80/20 v/v). The method is fast (about 30 min of analysis per sample) and is characterized by a relatively low running cost. The approach was used to study the substantial equivalence between a genetically modified variety of soybean compared with its traditional counterpart. No significant differences were found between the two studied soybeans based on the protein fraction studied. The capacity of the CE-TOF MS method to analyze complex mixtures of peptides in short times opens interesting possibilities in the growing Foodomics area.Electrophoresis 03/2010; 31(7):1175-83. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cry1Ab is one of the most common Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) proteins in genetically modified crops, which exhibits strong resistance against insect pests. In the present study, a sensitive and precise liquid chromatography stable isotope dilution multiple reaction monitoring tandem mass spectrometry (LC-SID-MRM-MS) assay was developed and validated to quantify the amount of Cry1Ab expression in transgenic maize leaves. The measurement of protein was converted to measurement of unique peptides to Cry1Ab protein. Two peptides unique to Cry1Ab were synthesized and labeled in H(2)(18)O to generate (18)O stable isotope peptides as internal standards. The validated method obtained superior specificity and good linearity. And the inter- and intra-day precision and accuracy for all samples were satisfactory. The results demonstrated Cry1Ab protein was 31.7 ± 4.1 μg g(-1) dry weight in Bt-176 transgenic maize leaves. It proved that the novel LC-SID-MRM-MS method was sensitive and selective to quantify Cry1Ab in the crude extract without time-consuming pre-separation or purification procedures.The Analyst 04/2012; 137(11):2699-705. · 4.23 Impact Factor