Effectiveness of research training workshop taught by traditional and video-teleconference methods in a developing country

Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA, USA.
Global Public Health (Impact Factor: 0.92). 01/2009; 4(1):82-93; quiz 94-5. DOI: 10.1080/17441690801950543
Source: PubMed


The developing countries are currently facing a double burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases. Physician-scientists, trained in patient care and research skills are crucial in performing cutting-edge clinical research in the developing countries. A major unmet challenge has been the lack of local expertise and the increasing problem of 'brain drain'. The current study was an effort to present and assess a model of research training to health-care professionals in Pakistan in order to increase the research skills. The objective of the current study was to assess the effectiveness of two different methods of research training. An epidemiologic research training workshop was offered to health-care professionals in Pakistan by face-to-face (F2F) and video-teleconferencing (VTC) methods. A total of 38 F2F and 18 VTC participants were included in the workshop which was conducted by research faculty from the University of Pittsburgh. To assess knowledge, pre- and post-test were done. Within each group, paired sample T-test showed significant improvement in scores after the completion of workshop (p<0.001 for F2F and VTC). In the F2F group, mean scores increased from 11.13 (pre-test) to 15.08 (post-test) and in the VTC group, scores increased from 10.67 (pre-test) to 13.22 (post-test). Two sample T-test was found statistically significant (p<0.001). We present a model for training physicians in public health by providing in-house research skills training which can be used to strengthen the local capacity and reduce increasing problems of brain drain.

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    • "Research skills and knowledge have traditionally been delivered to clinicians as postgraduate courses such as a Masters degree or in a workshop format such as the one designed for this study [17,45,65]. Other modes of delivery such as video linking [66] and in-service training were found effective [67] but were deemed not suitable or possible for this study. The mentoring program was designed to be responsive to the participants needs. "
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