Article

Diagnosis of epithelial mesothelioma using tree-based regression analysis and a minimal panel of antibodies

Department of Anatomical Pathology, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.62). 03/2009; 41(2):140-8. DOI: 10.1080/00313020802579250
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Immunohistochemistry with panels of antibodies is a standard procedure to distinguish between malignant mesothelioma and metastatic adenocarcinoma. Most studies assess only the sensitivity and specificity for single antibodies, even when the paper concludes by recommending an antibody panel. It was the aim of this study to use a novel statistical approach to identify a minimal panel of antibodies, which would make this distinction in the majority of cases.
Two hundred consecutive cases of pleural malignancy (173 pleural mesotheliomas of epithelial type and 27 cases of secondary adenocarcinoma) were investigated using a standard panel of 12 antibodies (CAM5.2, CK5/6, calretinin, HBME-1, thrombomodulin, WT-1, EMA, CEA, CD15, B72.3, BG8, and TTF-1). Regression and classification tree-based methods were applied to select the best combination of markers. The modelling procedures used employ successive, hierarchical predictions computed for individual cases to sort them into homogeneous classes.
Labelling for calretinin and lack of labelling for BG8 were sufficient for definite correlation with a diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma. CD15 provided further differentiating information in some cases.
A panel of three antibodies was sufficient in most cases to diagnose, or to exclude, epithelial mesothelioma. Calretinin exhibits the strongest correlative power of the antibodies tested.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Markku Nurminen, Aug 19, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
168 Views
  • The Korean Journal of Pathology 01/2009; 43(5). DOI:10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2009.43.5.458 · 0.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Malignant mesothelioma is a rare aggressive tumour arising from mesothelial cells of the pleural and peritoneal cavity including pericardium and tunica vaginalis testis. Malignant mesothelioma occurs predominantly in men (>90%). Asbestos exposure is the best known and evaluated risk factor with a long latency period between exposure and onset of malignant mesothelioma ranging from 15 to 60 years. Exposure to erionite leads to higher incidences of mesothelioma and play an important role in environmental exposure (Turkey). Other possible risk factors are radiation, recurrent pleuritis/peritonitis and simian virus 40 (SV 40).Malignant pleural mesothelioma is most common, whereas malignant peritoneal mesothelioma accounts only for 6-10%. Infrequent sites of origin are the pericardium and tunica vaginalis in 1-2%.Malignant mesothelioma shows either diffuse growth pattern or occurs as a localised tumour mass. Diffuse type represents an aggressive tumour with poor prognosis and is incurable in most cases.According to the WHO classification, three histological subtypes are distinguished: epithelioid, sarcomatoid and biphasic malignant mesothelioma.Rare variants are desmoplastic type, a subtype of sarcomatoid mesothelioma, undifferentiated type and deciduoid type. Epithelioid type is the most frequent one, but biphasic malignant mesothelioma occurs in 30%. Pure sarcomatoid or biphasic type is seen less frequently in malignant peritoneal mesothelioma than in its pleural counterpart.Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma is a generally non-invasive mesothelioma with low malignant potential that arises mostly in females in the peritoneal cavity. Histological type is an important prognostic marker. Longest survival is seen in patients with epithelioid malignant mesothelioma. Sarcomatoid subtype has the worst prognosis.Malignant mesothelioma shows macroscopical and microscopical similarities to benign lesions and other malignancies. Therefore, reactive mesothelial proliferations on the one hand and secondary tumours resembling mesothelial cells as well as benign or rare mesothelial tumours on the other hand have to be distinguished. Additional immunohistochemistry is essential in histopathological assessment using a marker panel of antibodies.
    Recent results in cancer research. Fortschritte der Krebsforschung. Progrès dans les recherches sur le cancer 01/2011; 189:57-78. DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-10862-4_5
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We previously established the use of a minimal panel of antibodies as sufficient to diagnose most epithelial malignant mesothelioma (MPM). We aimed to validate this approach and investigate the utility of a D2-40 antibody. A series of 80 MPM patients selected for surgery and 21 consecutive patients with pleural metastatic carcinoma were included. A minimal panel of antibodies, consisting of calretinin, BG8 and CD15, and D2-40 was investigated. There were 61 epithelial and 19 biphasic MPM as well as 12 metastatic lung, six breast (5 ductal adenocarcinomas, 1 mixed ductal/lobular adenocarcinoma), two serous papillary ovarian carcinomas and one moderately differentiated colorectal adenocarcinoma. The sensitivity of positive calretinin labelling to confirm the diagnosis of MPM was 97.5%, while the 'diagnostic sensitivities' of lack of labelling for BG8 and CD15 were 91.3% and 97.5%, respectively. The use of calretinin, BG8 and CD15 resulted in correct classification in 97.5% of all MPMs. All MPM cases investigated showed at least focal positive D2-40 labelling. We have validated the usefulness of a minimal panel of antibodies with calretinin, BG8 and CD15 as the initial step to the diagnosis of MPM. D2-40 emerged as a helpful diagnostic tool for cases where our initial approach failed to conclusively diagnose MPM.
    Pathology 06/2011; 43(4):313-7. DOI:10.1097/PAT.0b013e32834642da · 2.62 Impact Factor
Show more