Diabetes Mellitus Is Associated with Impaired Response to Antiviral Therapy in Chronic Hepatitis C Infection
ABSTRACT Insulin resistance may promote hepatic fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C (HCV) and has emerged as a cofactor in failure to achieve sustained viral response (SVR). AIMS: (1) To assess the association of diabetes mellitus (DM) in HCV patients to the severity of hepatic fibrosis and to the response to antiviral treatment. (2) To assess the safety of pegylated interferon and ribavirin combination therapy (Peg IFN/RBV) in diabetic HCV patients. Methods HCV diabetics (n=61) were identified. A 2:1 matching control group was used to identify independent factors of advanced fibrosis and treatment failure. RESULTS: Compared to HCV non-diabetics, HCV diabetics were more likely to have steatosis (P<0.0001) and advanced fibrosis (P=0.003). Patients' age, Caucasian ethnicity, obesity, and histologic activity index were independently associated with advanced fibrosis (P<0.05). Only 23% of HCV diabetics achieved SVR compared to 46% of HCV non-diabetics (P=0.003). DM, genotype 1, high baseline viral load, and African- American ethnicity were independently associated with less SVR (P<0.05). Significant adverse events were more common in HCV diabetics compared to HCV non-diabetics (P=0.001). Side effects did not increase in patients receiving PEG IFN/RBV and insulin sensitizers. Conclusion DM was associated with impaired virologic response to PEG IFN/RBV in HCV patients. Adverse events during therapy were more frequent in diabetic compared to non-diabetic HCV patients.
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Article: Hepatitis C and metabolic syndrome[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, are the two major causes of chronic liver disease worldwide. Liver histology of both diseases can be associated with steatosis, oxidative stress and fibrogenesis. Although better defined for HCV, approximately 20% of patients with these diseases can also develop cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. In recent years, it has become clear that the presence of metabolic syndrome and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease negatively impacts HCV-related outcomes, while simultaneously, the progression of HCV may have metabolic consequences in that it encourages or exacerbates insulin resistance. A growing body of evidence suggests that successful treatment of HCV may rely on understanding and addressing the complex and often mutually confounding relationship between HCV and the individual elements that comprise metabolic syndrome.Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism 02/2010; 5(2):209-215. DOI:10.1586/eem.10.7