Article

High frequency of TP53 mutation in BRCA1 and sporadic basal-like carcinomas but not in BRCA1 luminal breast tumors.

Institut Curie, Centre de Recherche, Paris, France.
Cancer Research (Impact Factor: 9.28). 02/2009; 69(2):663-71. DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-1560
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Breast tumors with a germ-line mutation of BRCA1 (BRCA1 tumors) and basal-like carcinoma (BLC) are associated with a high rate of TP53 mutation. Because BRCA1 tumors frequently display a basal-like phenotype, this study was designed to determine whether TP53 mutations are correlated with the hereditary BRCA1 mutated status or the particular phenotype of these tumors. The TP53 gene status was first investigated in a series of 35 BRCA1 BLCs using immunohistochemistry, direct sequencing of the coding sequence, and functional analysis of separated alleles in yeast, and compared with the TP53 status in a series of 38 sporadic (nonhereditary) BLCs. Using this sensitive approach, TP53 was found to be frequently mutated in both BRCA1 (34 of 35, 97%) and sporadic (35 of 38, 92%) BLCs. However, the spectrum of mutation was different, particularly with a higher rate of complex mutations, such as insertion/deletion, in BRCA1 BLCs than in the sporadic group [14 of 33 (42%) and 3 of 34 (9%), [corrected] respectively; P = 0.002]. Secondly, the incidence of TP53 mutations was analyzed in 19 BRCA1 luminal tumors using the same strategy. Interestingly, only 10 of these 19 tumors were mutated (53%), a frequency similar to that found in grade-matched sporadic luminal tumors. In conclusion, TP53 mutation is highly recurrent in BLCs independently of BRCA1 status, but not a common feature of BRCA1 luminal tumors.

0 Followers
 · 
241 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a new circulating tumor biomarker which might be used as a prognostic biomarker in a way similar to circulating tumor cells (CTC). Here, we used the high prevalence of TP53 mutations in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) to compare ctDNA and CTC detection rates and prognostic value in metastatic TNBC patients. Forty patients were enrolled before starting a new line of treatment. TP53 mutations were characterized in archived tumor tissues and in plasma DNA using two next generation sequencing (NGS) platforms in parallel. Archived tumor tissue was sequenced successfully for 31/40 patients. TP53 mutations were found in 26/31 (84%) of tumor samples. The same mutation was detected in the matched plasma of 21/26 (81%) patients with an additional mutation found only in the plasma for one patient. Mutated allele fractions ranged from 2-70% (median 5%). The observed correlation between the two NGS approaches (R² = 0.903) suggested that ctDNA levels data were quantitative. Among the 27 patients with TP53 mutations, CTC count was ≥1 in 19 patients (70%) and ≥5 in14 patients (52%). ctDNA levels had no prognostic impact on time to progression (TTP) or overall survival (OS), whereas CTC numbers were correlated with OS (p=0.04) and marginally with TTP (p=0.06). Performance status and elevated LDH also had significant prognostic impact. Here, absence of prognostic impact of baseline ctDNA level suggests that mechanisms of ctDNA release in metastatic TNBC may involve, beyond tumor burden, biological features that do not dramatically affect patient outcome. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    International Journal of Cancer 10/2014; 136(9). DOI:10.1002/ijc.29265 · 5.01 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Basal-like breast cancers (BBCs) are enriched for increased EGFR expression and decreased expression of PTEN. We found that treatment with metformin and erlotinib synergistically induced apoptosis in a subset of BBC cell lines. The drug combination led to enhanced reduction of EGFR, AKT, S6 and 4EBP1 phosphorylation, as well as prevented colony formation and inhibited mammosphere outgrowth. Our data with other compounds suggested that biguanides combined with EGFR inhibitors have the potential to outperform other targeted drug combinations and could be employed in other breast cancer subtypes, as well as other tumor types, with activated EGFR and PI3K signaling. Analysis of BBC cell line alterations led to the hypothesis that loss of PTEN sensitized cells to the drug combination which was confirmed using isogenic cell line models with and without PTEN expression. Combined metformin and erlotinib led to partial regression of PTEN-null and EGFR-amplified xenografted MDA-MB-468 BBC tumors with evidence of significant apoptosis, reduction of EGFR and AKT signaling, and lack of altered plasma insulin levels. Combined treatment also inhibited xenografted PTEN null HCC-70 BBC cells. Measurement of trough plasma drug levels in xenografted mice and a separately performed pharmacokinetics modeling study support possible clinical translation.
    Oncotarget 09/2014; · 6.63 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mutations in genes encoding proteins involved in RNA splicing have been found to occur at relatively high frequencies in several tumour types including myelodysplastic syndromes, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, uveal melanoma, pancreatic cancer and at lower frequencies in breast cancer. To investigate whether dysfunction in RNA splicing is implicated in the pathogenesis of breast cancer, we performed a re-analysis of published exome and whole genome sequencing data. This analysis revealed that mutations in spliceosomal component genes occurred in 5.6% of unselected breast cancers, including hotspot mutations in the SF3B1 gene, which were found in 1.8% of unselected breast cancers. SF3B1 mutations were significantly associated with ER-positive disease, AKT1 mutations and distinct copy number alterations. Additional profiling of hotspot mutations in a panel of special histological subtypes of breast cancer showed that 16% and 6% of papillary and mucinous carcinomas of the breast harboured the SF3B1 K700E mutation. RNA sequencing identified differentially spliced events expressed in tumours with SF3B1 mutations including the protein coding genes TMEM14C, RPL31, DYNL111, UQCC and ABCC5 and the long non-coding RNA CRNDE. Moreover, SF3B1 mutant cell lines were found to be sensitive to the SF3b complex inhibitor spliceostatin A and treatment resulted in perturbation of the splicing signature. Albeit rare, SF3B1 mutations result in alternative splicing events, and may constitute drivers and a novel therapeutic target in a subset of breast cancers.
    The Journal of Pathology 03/2015; 235(4):n/a-n/a. DOI:10.1002/path.4483 · 7.33 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
75 Downloads
Available from
Jun 6, 2014