Laser evoked potentials in carpal tunnel syndrome.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the function of Adelta fibers at the hand level in patients with clinical symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) using CO(2) laser evoked potentials (LEPs), in light of the intensity and distribution of sensory symptoms and pain.
Thirty-four CTS outpatients (62 hands) were compared to 23 sex- and age-matched control subjects (46 hands). The periungueal skin of the first, second, third and fifth fingers, and the dorsum of the hands were stimulated in random order. The latency and amplitude of the N2, P2 and N1 components were evaluated with respect to the Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) data, clinical scales, pain intensity and glove-like symptoms distribution.
The amplitude of the N2-P2 complex was significantly reduced in CTS hands compared to normal hands after stimulation of the second and third fingers, even in patients with mild nerve conduction impairment. No significant fifth finger LEP abnormalities were found in patients with glove-like distribution symptoms. The N2-P2 amplitude at the second and third fingers was positively correlated with the severity of sensory symptoms.
The involvement of median nerve Adelta fibers in CTS seems to be an early phenomenon, which concurs with the impairment of large motor and sensory afferents and is linked to the severity of the disease.
The finding of reduced sensory symptoms in patients with severe thin afferents damage, may suggest a slight expression of central sensitisation phenomena in the advanced stage of CTS syndrome.
- SourceAvailable from: sciencedirect.comPain 08/2010; 150(2):370–371. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We explored the contribution of median nerve small (Aδ, C)-and large (Aβ)-fiber damage to the severity and topographic distribution of sensory symptoms in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and the timing of fiber damage across CTS stages. We recruited 106 CTS patients. After selection, 49 patients were included. They underwent electrodiagnostic and quantitative sensory testing (QST) study and were asked on the severity of Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) Symptoms Severity Scale, daytime pain (DP), night pain and paresthesia, on the distribution of hand symptoms, and the presence of proximal symptoms. BCTQ Symptoms Severity Scale and DP severity was significantly correlated with Aδ-fiber damage. Small-fiber QST measures were impaired in electrodiagnostic-negative CTS patients and did not change across CTS neurographic stages. QST findings were not correlated to the topographical distribution of symptoms. Aδ-fiber damage contributes to CTS symptoms and in particular to DP. Night pain and paresthesia might be ascribed to ectopic fiber discharges secondary to median nerve enhanced mechanosensitivity. Small-fiber damage takes place earlier than large fiber. Median nerve fiber involvement does not directly contribute to extraterritorial symptoms spread. Our data may help understanding CTS pathophysiology and explain the well-known discrepancy between CTS symptoms and electrodiagnostic findings. PERSPECTIVE: We explored the involvement of median nerve small and large fibers in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). We found a significant correlation between Aδ-fiber function and CTS symptoms. Small-fiber involvement took place in milder disease stages. These findings could help reconcile the discrepancy between CTS symptoms and electrodiagnostic data.The journal of pain: official journal of the American Pain Society 02/2011; 12(2):205-12. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Extramedian spread of sensory symptoms is frequent in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) but its mechanisms are unclear. We explored the possible role of subtle ulnar nerve abnormalities in the pathogenesis of extramedian symptoms. We recruited 350 CTS patients. After selection, 143 patients (225 hands) were included. The hand symptoms distribution was graded with a diagram into median (MED) and extramedian (EXTRAMED) pattern. We tested the correlation of ulnar nerve conduction measures with the distribution and the severity of symptoms involving the ulnar territory. The clinical significance of ulnar nerve conduction findings was explored with quantitative sensory testing (QST). EXTRAMED distribution was found in 38.7% of hands. The ulnar neurographic measures were within normal values. Ulnar nerve sensory measures were significantly better in EXTRAMED vs MED hands and not significantly correlated to ulnar symptoms severity. Ulnar and median nerve sensory measures were significantly correlated. QST showed normal function of ulnar nerve alphabeta-fibers. Ulnar nerve sensory abnormalities do not contribute to the spread of sensory symptoms into the ulnar territory. Our data favour the hypothesis that spinal and supraspinal neuroplastic changes may underlie extramedian spread of symptoms in CTS.Clinical neurophysiology: official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 08/2009; 120(9):1687-92. · 3.12 Impact Factor