Cost of Conventional Tillage and No-till Continuous Wheat Production for Four Farm Sizes


ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to determine production costs for both conventional tillage and no-till for continuous monoculture wheat production in the southern Great Plains. The reduction in the price of glyphosate after the original patent expired has improved the relative economics of no-till for continuous winter wheat. However, if differences in the opportunity cost of labor are ignored, for some farm sizes, total operating plus machinery fixed costs are greater for the no-till system.

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Available from: Francis M. Epplin, May 22, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The most economical tillage system depends upon a number of factors, and the most economical system for one farm may not be the most economi- cal for an adjacent farm. In this chapter, we identify factors that may tip the scales in favor of one system over another. Prior to the implementation of the 1996 Farm Bill (Freedom to Farm Bill), the vast majority of Oklaho- ma dry-land crop acres were seeded to continuous monoculture hard red winter wheat. In 1975, more than 96 percent of the cropland in Garfield County was seeded to winter wheat. By 1995, the propor- tion seeded to wheat, excluding land in the Con- servation Reserve Program, had increased to more than 99 percent (Oklahoma Agricultural Statistics Service, 2006). Chapter 6 Chapter 6
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    ABSTRACT: The stocker cattle grazing enterprise in the Southern Plains regions of the United States is an important economic activity. The objective of the study was to determine the difference in the expected net return of a no-till forage establishment system relative to the intensive clean-till establishment system typically used in the region. Results show a reduction in fuel, lube, repairs and labor expenses, and fixed machinery costs of the conventional- till system outweigh the expenses associated with herbicide and herbicide application of the no-till system. Over the eight-year duration of the study, the no-till system realized an average of 11 greater days of grazing compared to the conventional-till system. The expected net return of the no-till establishment system was $36.44 per acre greater than the conventional- till system; however, this economic advantage is sensitive to relative differences in cattle performance between systems. It is also sensitive to the price of herbicide and price of diesel fuel.