Cost of Conventional Tillage and No-till Continuous Wheat Production for Four Farm Sizes



The objective of this study was to determine production costs for both conventional tillage and no-till for continuous monoculture wheat production in the southern Great Plains. The reduction in the price of glyphosate after the original patent expired has improved the relative economics of no-till for continuous winter wheat. However, if differences in the opportunity cost of labor are ignored, for some farm sizes, total operating plus machinery fixed costs are greater for the no-till system.

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Available from: Francis M. Epplin, May 22, 2015
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    • "In recent years, however, the factors affecting the adoption of conservation farming practices used for establishing winter cereal forages have changed. For instance, Epplin et al. 2005 points out two primary factors that favor conservation establishment practices for winter wheat: (1) the development of more effective "
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    ABSTRACT: The stocker cattle grazing enterprise in the Southern Plains regions of the United States is an important economic activity. The objective of the study was to determine the difference in the expected net return of a no-till forage establishment system relative to the intensive clean-till establishment system typically used in the region. Results show a reduction in fuel, lube, repairs and labor expenses, and fixed machinery costs of the conventional- till system outweigh the expenses associated with herbicide and herbicide application of the no-till system. Over the eight-year duration of the study, the no-till system realized an average of 11 greater days of grazing compared to the conventional-till system. The expected net return of the no-till establishment system was $36.44 per acre greater than the conventional- till system; however, this economic advantage is sensitive to relative differences in cattle performance between systems. It is also sensitive to the price of herbicide and price of diesel fuel.
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    • "Machinery prices and parameter values were updated per conversations with dealers and information listed on manufacturer's websites (Epplin et al., 2005). The software accounts for farm size, and equipment for each of the ten systems was selected to meet the needs of that system. "
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    ABSTRACT: The economics of five alternative crop production systems for the Southern Plains winter wheat production region, for both conventional tillage and no-till, for two farm sizes, was determined. Yield data were obtained from a three-year experiment conducted on three farm fields in the region. Tillage costs differ across farm size.
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    • "Notice that even though the clean-till system realized a substantially higher average level of forage production (416 lbs) over the eightyear study, the average number of steer grazing days favored the no-till system. This discrepancy between forage production and grazing days favoring the no-till system is likely 1 Epplin et al. 2005 "
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    ABSTRACT: The objective was to determine the expected net value of a no-till forage production and grazing system. Reduction in fuel and machinery costs offset the costs of herbicide application. The net value of the no-till system is $31 per acre, and is quite sensitive to relative differences in cattle performance.
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