Failure of adjustable gastric banding: starting BMI of 46 kg/m2 is a fulcrum of success and failure.
ABSTRACT To determine the body mass index (BMI) located at the fulcrum of success and failure in a prospective study conducted at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. On average, our patients whose percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) was >50% at 1 year had a significantly lower BMI than those with <30% EWL.
We prospectively collected the weight loss data for 430 patients who had had an adjustable gastric band placed. We stratified the %EWL within 1 year for patients with a BMI of 30-59 kg/m2. A line was generated for the %EWL over time for BMI groups of 30-39, 40-49, and 50-59 kg/m(2) and compared with the average %EWL over time. The y-intercepts of the resulting four lines were graphed against the average BMI for each group.
The generated y-intercept line had an R2 of .9237. Using the equation of this line and the known y-intercept for the average, we solved for x, resulting in a BMI of 46 kg/m2. Patients with a BMI <46 kg/m2 had a 50% EWL at 1 year, and those with a BMI >46 kg/m2 had only a 33% EWL at 1 year. The %EWL between the groups was significantly different at all measured intervals (P <.0001).
A BMI of 46 kg/m2 identifies those at high risk of failure to lose a significant percentage of excess weight after adjustable gastric banding and who require closer follow-up. Furthermore, patients who have a BMI >46 kg/m2 should be advised that their weight loss might be suboptimal at 1 year.
- SourceAvailable from: Laurent Biertho[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Indications for and results of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB) are still controversial, especially between Europe and the United States. The recent availability of gastric bandings in the United States made it necessary to compare the two techniques. We compared a series of 456 LGB to a series of 805 LAGB performed in two different institutions. Body mass index (BMI), complication rate, mortality, and excess weight loss (EWL) after 3, 6, 12, and 18 months were obtained. A Fischer's exact test and a Student t test with covariance analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results are expressed as a mean +/- standard deviation, comparing LGB with LAGB. Preoperative BMI was 49.4 +/- 8.3 kg/m(2) versus 42.2 +/- 4.9 kg/m(2) (p = 0.0001), respectively. Perioperative major complication rates were 2.0% versus 1.3% (NS), and the early postoperative major complication rates were 4.2% versus 1.7% (p = 0.02), respectively. Mortality rate was 0.4% versus 0% (NS), respectively. The global EWL was 36.3% for LGB versus 14.7% for LAGB at 3 months (p < 0.0001), 51.6% versus 21.9% at 6 months (p < 0.0001), 67.0% versus 33.3% at 12 months (p < 0.0001), and 74.6% versus 40.4% at 18 months (p < 0.0001), respectively. Longterm followup for the LAGB group showed an EWL of 47% at 2 years, 56% at 3 years, and 58% at 4 years. Patients were sorted after their preoperative BMI (30 to 40, 40 to 50, and 50 to 60 kg/m(2)). The EWL at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months was statistically superior in the LGB group, for any BMI ranges. These data suggest that LGB provides a higher EWL at 18 months, compared with LAGB, and this was true for any preoperative BMI range. It is associated with a higher early postoperative complication rate.Journal of the American College of Surgeons 10/2003; 197(4):536-44; discussion 544-5. · 4.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Until now, for treatment of morbid obesity in the long term, surgery remained as the final option. For 40 years, surgeons looked at the best procedure. Among the restrictive procedures (gastroplasty), the laparoscopic adjustable silicone banding is the least invasive surgical treatment of morbid obesity. Between October 1992 and January 1998, we performed this procedure on 652 patients. Median body mass index was 45 (range, 35-65). Median hospital stay was 3 days (range, 2-10 days). The mean operative time was 80 minutes (range, 40-240 minutes). Four patients (0.6%) presented early complications: bleeding (1 patient), gastric perforation (2 patients), and pneumonia (1 patient). Forty-seven (7.2%) patients presented late complications and needed to be reoperated. There is one case of mortality. Loss of mass body weight was 62% in 2 years. According to these results, laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding seems to be a safe and efficient technique.Seminars in Laparoscopic Surgery 04/2000; 7(1):55-65.
- British Journal of Surgery 07/1997; 84(6):868-9. · 4.84 Impact Factor