Medium Composition Suitable for L-Lysine Production by Methylophilus methylotrophus in Fed-Batch Cultivation
Fermentation and Biotechnology Laboratories, Ajinomoto Co., Inc., 1-1 Suzuki-cho, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki 210-8681, Japan.Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering (Impact Factor: 1.88). 01/2009; 106(6):574-9. DOI: 10.1263/jbb.106.574
L-Lysine production was investigated in fed-batch fermentation using L-lysine producer of Methylophilus methylotrophus. By the addition of nutrient composition, containing L-methionine, K(2)HPO(4), NaH(2)PO(4), CuSO(4).5aq, MnSO(4).5aq, ZnSO(4).7aq, FeCl(3), MgSO(4).7aq and CaCl(2).2aq, in the feed medium, cell growth could be maintained through the cultivation, and L-lysine production reached to 7.86 g. In addition, the effect of counter ion for NH(4)(+) (Cl(-), SO(4)(2-), glutamate, succinate and citrate) was examined. The result showed that the cell growth in the medium using Cl(-) and glutamate were improved compared with that using SO(4)(2-), succinate and citrate, and L-lysine production in the medium using Cl(-) and glutamate reached to more than 9.0 g. In this experiment, there was a clear correlation between ionic strength and growth rate in the cultivation. In order to examine the influence of ionic strength on growth rate, the activity of enzymes in central metabolic pathway from methanol to pyruvate were assayed using samples at the log-phase and the stationary phase in fed-batch cultivation using (NH(4))(2)SO(4) and (NH(4))Cl as ammonium source. It was found that the higher ionic strength inhibited methanol oxidation activity, which linked to cell growth. In this report, it was revealed that maintaining a relatively low ionic strength had a positive effect on L-lysine production using L-lysine producer of M. methylotrophus.
Conference Paper: A smart power IC for high side driver applications[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: New technologies allow the realization of power MOSFET, bipolar transistors and complex analog and digital structures on the same piece of silicon. A high side switch IC for current and high voltage applications is presented. This smart power chip is optimized to drive inductive and resistive loads in an automotive environment. The chip contains fault diagnostics to detect any failure at system level. This paper also presents the new power BICMOS technology used for this designEuro ASIC '91; 06/1991
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ABSTRACT: The isolation of auxotrophic mutants, which is a prerequisite for a substantial genetic analysis and metabolic engineering of obligate methylotrophs, remains a rather complicated task. We describe a novel method of constructing mutants of the bacterium Methylophilus methylotrophus AS1 that are auxotrophic for aromatic amino acids. The procedure begins with the Mu-driven integration of the Escherichia coli gene aroP, which encodes the common aromatic amino acid transporter, into the genome of M. methylotrophus. The resulting recombinant strain, with improved permeability to certain amino acids and their analogues, was used for mutagenesis. Mutagenesis was carried out by recombinant substitution of the target genes in the chromosome by linear DNA using the FLP-excisable marker flanked with cloned homologous arms longer than 1,000 bp. M. methylotrophus AS1 genes trpE, tyrA, pheA, and aroG were cloned in E. coli, sequenced, disrupted in vitro using a Kmr marker, and electroporated into an aroP carrier recipient strain. This approach led to the construction of a set of marker-less M. methylotrophus AS1 mutants auxotrophic for aromatic amino acids. Thus, introduction of foreign amino acid transporter genes appeared promising for the following isolation of desired auxotrophs on the basis of different methylotrophic bacteria.Applied and Environmental Microbiology 10/2009; 76(1):75-83. DOI:10.1128/AEM.02217-09 · 3.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We investigated the community structure of endophytic bacteria in narrowleaf cattail (Typha angustifolia L.) roots growing in the Beijing Cuihu Wetland, China, using the 16S rDNA library technique. In total, 184 individual sequences were used to assess the diversity of endophytic bacteria. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that 161 clones (87.5%) were affiliated with Proteobacteria, other clones grouped into Cytophaga/Flexibacter/Bacteroids (3.3%), Fusobacteria (3.8%), and nearly 5% were uncultured bacteria. In Proteobacteria, the beta and gamma subgroups were the most abundant, accounting for approximately 46% and 36.6% of all Proteobacteria, respectively. The dominant genera included Rhodoferax, Pelomonas, Uliginosibacterium, Pseudomonas, Aeromonas, Rhizobium, Sulfurospirillum, Ilyobacter and Bacteroides. While some of these endophytic bacteria are capable of fixing nitrogen and can therefore improve plant growth, other endophytes may play important biological roles by removing nitrogen, phosphorus and/or organic matter from the water body and thus have the potential to enhance the phytoremediation of eutrophic water bodies. These bacteria have the potential to degrade xenobiota such as methane, methanol, methylated amines, catechol, oxochlorate, urea, cyanide, and 2,4-dichlorophenol. Hence, the use of certain endophytic bacteria in the process of phytoremediation could be a powerful approach for the restoration of eutrophic systems.Research in Microbiology 11/2010; 162(2):124-31. DOI:10.1016/j.resmic.2010.09.021 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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