Multimerin 1 binds factor V and activated factor V with high affinity and inhibits thrombin generation.
ABSTRACT Multimerin 1 (MMRN1) is a polymeric, factor V (FV) binding protein that is stored in platelet and endothelial cell secretion granules but is undetectable in normal plasma. In human platelet alpha-granules, FV is stored complexed to MMRN1, predominantly by noncovalent binding interactions. The FV binding site for MMRN1 is located in the light chain, where it overlaps the C1 and C2 domain membrane binding sites essential for activated FV (FVa) procoagulant function. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR), circular dichroism (CD) and thrombin generation assays were used to study the binding of FV and FVa to MMRN1, and the functional consequences. FV and FVa bound MMRN1 with high affinities (K(D): 2 and 7 nM, respectively). FV dissociated more slowly from MMRN1 than FVa in SPR experiments, and CD analyses suggested greater conformational changes in mixtures of FV and MMRN1 than in mixtures of FVa and MMRN1. SPR analyses indicated that soluble phosphatidylserine (1,2-Dicaproylsn-glycero-3-phospho-L-serine) competitively inhibited both FV-MMRN1 and FVa-MMRN1 binding. Furthermore, exogenous MMRN1 delayed and reduced thrombin generation by plasma and platelets, and it reduced thrombin generation by preformed FVa. Exogenous MMRN1 also delayed FV activation, triggered by adding tissue factor to plasma, or by adding purified thrombin or factor Xa to purified FV. The high affinity binding of FV to MMRN1 may facilitate the costorage of the two proteins in platelet alpha-granules. As a consequence, MMRN1 release during platelet activation may limit platelet dependent thrombin generation in vivo.
Article: Mice with deleted multimerin 1 and alpha-synuclein genes have impaired platelet adhesion and impaired thrombus formation that is corrected by multimerin 1.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Multimerin 1 is a stored platelet and endothelial cell adhesive protein that shows significant conservation. In vitro, multimerin 1 supports platelet adhesion and it also binds to collagen and enhances von Willebrand factor-dependent platelet adhesion to collagen. As selective, multimerin 1 deficient mice have not been generated, we investigated multimerin 1 effects on platelet adhesion using a subpopulation of C57BL/6J mice with tandem deletion of the genes for multimerin 1 and alpha-synuclein, a protein that inhibits alpha-granule release in vitro. We postulated that multimerin 1/alpha-synuclein deficient mice might show impaired platelet adhesive function from multimerin 1 deficiency and increased alpha-granule release from alpha-synuclein deficiency. Platelet function was assessed by intravital microscopy, after ferric chloride injury, using untreated and human multimerin 1-transfused multimerin 1/alpha-synuclein deficient mice, and by in vitro assays of adhesion, aggregation and thrombin-induced P-selectin release. Multimerin 1/alpha-synuclein deficient mice showed impaired platelet adhesion and their defective thrombus formation at sites of vessel injury improved with multimerin 1 transfusion. Although multimerin 1/alpha-synuclein deficient platelets showed increased P-selectin release at low thrombin concentrations, they also showed impaired adhesion to collagen, and attenuated aggregation with thrombin, that improved with added multimerin 1. Our data suggest that multimerin 1 supports platelet adhesive functions and thrombus formation, which will be important to verify by generating and testing selective multimerin 1 deficient mice.Thrombosis Research 02/2010; 125(5):e177-83. · 2.44 Impact Factor