Medicina (Impact Factor: 0.56). 01/2007; 67(3).

ABSTRACT Elevated Ca 19.9 tumor marker without evidence of malignancy. Tumor markers are a useful tool for surveillance of oncologic patients, whereas their role in the diagnosis of a malignancy is controversial. We present the case of a woman with a benign ovarian cyst with an unexpected elevation of Ca 19.9 after laparoscopic bilateral anexectomy.

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    ABSTRACT: CA 125 is the most reliable serum marker for ovarian carcinoma. Whereas its role in the screening of the malignancy is controversial, serum CA 125 assay is very useful for both the differential diagnosis of ovarian masses, particularly in postmenopause, and the monitoring of the response to chemotherapy and follow-up of patients with histologically proven ovarian carcinoma. Tumor-associated antigens other than CA 125, such as CA 19.9, CA 15.3 and TAG.72, firstly identified in gastro-intestinal or breast malignancies, have been detected also in tissue and serum samples from patients with ovarian carcinoma. In particular CA19.9 offers the advantage of high sensitivity for mucinous histotype, which often fails to express CA 125. Serum CA 125 correlates with the clinical course of disease better than the other antigens, and in patients with positive CA 125 assay at diagnosis the concomitant evaluation of CA 19.9 or CA 72.4 or CA 15.3 does not offer any additional benefit for monitoring ovarian carcinoma. Conversely, the serial measurements of these other antigens may represent an interesting biochemical tool for the management of patients with negative CA 125 assay. Serum alphaFP and betaHCG are very useful in the preoperative evaluation and management of nondysgerminomatous ovarian germ cell tumors, whereas elevated serum inhibin levels can be detected in patients with granulosa cell tumors of the ovary. As for endometrial carcinoma, preoperative serum CA 125 levels correlate with stage, depth of myometrial invasion, histologic grade, cervical invasion, peritoneal cytology, lymph node status and clinical outcome. Moreover, serial CA 125 assay is a good indicator of disease activity and a useful biochemical tool for post-treatment surveillance of patients with endometrial carcinoma. SCC is the most reliable serum marker for squamous cell cervical carcinoma, and in patients with this malignancy pretreatment SCC levels are related to tumor stage, tumor size, depth of cervical invasion, lymph-vascular space involvement, lymph node status and clinical outcome. Serial SCC measurements parallel the response to radiotherapy and chemotherapy as well as the clinical course of disease after the completion of treatment. Serum CYFRA 21.1 seems to be less sensitive than serum SCC for squamous cell cervical carcinoma. Elevated CA 125 levels can be often detected in patients with cervical adenocarcinoma. The future for tumor marker research is represented by the emerging technologies of transcriptional profiling and proteomics.
    Biomedecine [?] Pharmacotherapy 02/2004; 58(1):24-38. DOI:10.1016/j.biopha.2003.11.003 · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate size, bilaterality, histopathologic origin, and the serum levels of some tumor markers in patients with mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) of the ovary. Retrospective study of 80 patients operated at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Turkey, between the years 1998 and 2003 was performed. The mean age was 33.1 +/- 11.3 years (median 34; range 15-69). The mean tumor diameter was 7.2 +/- 4.5 cm (median 5; range 3-20). The mean serum CA19-9 level was 101.2 +/- 179.7 IU/mL (range 1-841, normal value < 37), the mean serum CA125 level was 32.0 +/- 37.8 U/mL (range 2.2-205, normal value < 35), the mean carcino-embryogenic antigen (CEA) level was 1.46 +/- 1.20 ng/mL (range 0.2-4.8, normal value 3.4), and the mean serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level was 2.7 +/- 3.0 ng/mL (range 0.1-10.5, normal value <8.1). The elevated rate of CA19-9, CA125, CEA, and AFP was 38.8% (31/80), 25% (18/72), 9.1% (4/44), and 8.7% (4/46), respectively. The bilaterality rate was 27.5% (22/80). Patients with an elevated serum CA19-9 level showed significantly higher bilaterality rate (51.6% versus 12.2%, P < 0.05) than the patients with low levels. Likelihood ratio for bilaterality was 2.8 for CA19-9 and 4.6 for CA125. Bilateral teratomas showed a significantly higher rate of ectodermal component than the unilateral ones (100% versus 74.3%, P < 0.05). Ovarian MCTs were diagnosed especially during the reproductive period. CA19-9 may be the only important marker in the diagnosis of MCTs. Elevated levels of CA19-9 and CA125 may be an indicator of bilaterality. Since levels of CA19-9 and CA125 may be elevated in both benign and malignant conditions, interpretation of these findings must be made in light of the clinical condition of the patient.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 01/2006; 16(1):189-93. DOI:10.1111/j.1525-1438.2006.00284.x · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CA 19-9 is a tumor marker of pancreatic and gastrointestinal cancer. Elevation in nonmalignant disease is rare. The case of a patient with a partial staghorn calculus, giant hydronephrosis, and elevated CA 19-9 serum levels is presented. Open transperitoneal right-sided nephrectomy was performed. In immunohistochemical analysis, CA 19-9 was expressed in the renal tubular epithelium and the renal pelvis. During postoperative follow-up, the CA 19-9 levels returned to normal. Hydronephrosis might cause false-positive results when CA 19-9 measurement is used to screen for malignant disease. Posttreatment CA 19-9 levels of patients with hydronephrosis have to be monitored closely to safely exclude malignant disease.
    Urology 03/2004; 63(2):381-2. DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2003.10.048 · 2.19 Impact Factor


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