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KEPIMPINAN TRANSFORMASI PENGETUA DAN PENGGANTIAN KEPIMPINAN SEBAGAI PENENTU KOMITMEN TERHADAP ORGANISASI DAN PERLAKUAN WARGA ORGANISASI PENDIDIKAN

ABSTRACT Abstrak: Tujuan utama kajian ini ialah untuk mengenal pasti kesan kepimpinan transformasi pengetua dalam konteks penggantian kepimpinan. Data guru dan pengetua daripada 151 buah sekolah dikumpul dengan menggunakan kaedah split sampling dan diproses melalui unit analisis peringkat sekolah. Hasil analisis hierachical moderated reggression procedures menunjukkan bahawa terdapat beberapa faktor penggantian kepimpinan yang mempunyai kesan moderasi terhadap kepimpinan transformasi dalam komitmen dan perlakuan warga organisasi pendidikan. Di samping itu, keputusan juga menunjukkan bahawa: (1) kepimpinan transformasi dan penggantian kepimpinan mempunyai kesan secara unik ke atas variabel kriterion, dan (2) jumlah varians yang diperoleh daripada kepimpinan transformasi dan penggantian kepimpinan ke atas variabel kriterion adalah meyakinkan. Implikasi kajian berkaitan kefahaman terhadap kesan kepimpinan transformasi dan penggantian kepimpinan turut dibentangkan. Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of principals' transformational leadership behaviors, within the context of substitutes for leadership. Data were collected using split sampling method from teachers and principals from 151 schools and were analyzed at school level. Hierarchical moderated regression analysis procedures showed that few of the substitutes variables moderated the effects of the transformational leaders behaviors on commitment and educational organizational citizenship behaviors. The results also indicated that: (1) the transformational leadership behaviors and substitutes for leadership each had unique effects on criterion variables, and (2) the total amount of variance accounted for the substitutes for leadership and the transformational leadership behaviors was substantially convincing. Implications of these findings for our understanding of the effects of transformational leadership behavior and substitutes for leadership are then discussed.

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    ABSTRACT: The study aimed to explore the level of headmaster’s transformational leadership, the level of teachers’ organisational commitment and the relationship between headmaster’s leadership style and the organisational commitment of teachers in Kota Marudu primary schools. The model of transformational leadership developed by Bass (1985) and the organisational commitment model which was developed by Meyer and Allen (1991) served as the theoretical framework for the study. The transformational leadership classified into inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and individual consideration. The organisational commitment on the other hand, divided into affective commitment, continuance commitment and normative commitment. Data was obtained from 130 Kota Marudu’s primary schools teachers. The research only dealt with Grade A schools. Two questionnaires were used as the main instrument; Alimo-Metcalfe’s (2001) Transformational Leadership Questionnaire (TLQ) which consisted of 21 items and Meyer and Allen’s (1997) Organisational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ), which consisted of 18 items. Data was analysed with SPSS for windows version 15.0. An average positive relationship between headmaster’s inspirational motivation and teacher’s organizational commitment was found. As perceived by the teachers, the level of headmaster’s transformational leadership in Kota Marudu was high in most schools. The research also indicated that the level of teacher’s organisational commitment was average. This research also suggested numbers of ways to improve teacher’s organizational commitment.
    International Journal of Learning 01/2010; 16:231-244.

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