Microfluidic device for integrated restriction digestion reaction and resulting DNA fragment analysis.
ABSTRACT A microfluidic system combining temperature-controlled reactor, analyte delivery, chip electrophoresis (CE) separation, and fluorescence detection was developed, in which the heaters, resistance temperature detectors, enzymatic reactors, CE channels, and pneumatic valves/pumps were integrated onto a single glass-PDMS chip. The microdevice was used to perform the digestion reaction, followed by on-line electrophoresis separation and detection of the resulting fragments with endonuclease BamHI and FokI as models. Pneumatic valves/pumps served not only for isolating the reaction region from the separation medium to prevent contamination, but also for delivering and quantitatively diluting the fluid from the reaction chamber to the CE section. Thus enzymatic reaction and electrophoresis separation could be insulated and connected as needed. A dynamic coating procedure with the use of PVP and mannitol was firstly adopted for glass-PDMS hybrid chip-based DNA separations, leading to an improved separation efficiency with reproducible migration time and theoretical plates. The expected 263- and 287-bp digestion products of BamHI and FokI were definitely verified by the size-based electrophoretic separation and detection. The whole integrated reaction-CE system can be manipulated in a simple manner with good reproducibility, which is expected to be applied in other on-line analysis of various biochemical reactions.
- Angewandte Chemie International Edition 06/2006; 45(22):3618-23. · 13.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The fields of application of microreactors are becoming wider every year. A considerable number of papers have been published recently reporting successful application of enzymatic microreactors in chemistry and biochemistry. Most are devices with enzymes immobilized on beads or walls of microfluidic channels, whilst some use dissolved enzymes to run a reaction in the microfluidic system. Apart from model systems, mostly with glucose oxidase, horseradish peroxidase and alkaline phosphatase, the principal fields of application of microreactors are tryptic digestion of proteins and polymerase chain reaction in automated analyses of proteomic and genetic material, respectively. Enzymatic microreactors also facilitate characterization of enzyme activity as a function of substrate concentration, and enable fast screening of new biocatalysts and their substrates. They may constitute key parts of lab-on-a-chip and muTAS, assisting the analysis of biomolecules. This review provides systematic coverage of examples of reports on enzymatic microreactors published recently, as well as relevant older papers.Biotechnology Advances 01/2006; 24(1):42-57. · 9.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Microfluidic devices integrating membrane-based sample preparation with electrophoretic separation are demonstrated. These multilayer devices consist of 10 nm pore diameter membranes sandwiched between two layers of PDMS substrates with embedded microchannels. Because of the membrane isolation, material exchange between two fluidic layers can be precisely controlled by applied voltages. More importantly, since only small molecules can pass through the nanopores, the integrated membrane can serve as a filter or a concentrator prior to microchip electrophoresis under different design and operation modes. As a filter, they can be used for separation and selective injection of small analytes from sample matrix. This has been effectively applied in rapid determination of reduced glutathione in human plasma and red blood cells without any off-chip deproteinization procedure. Alternatively, in the concentrator mode, they can be used for online purification and preconcentration of macromolecules, which was illustrated by removing primers and preconcentrating the product DNA from a PCR product mixture.Electrophoresis 01/2007; 27(24):4927-34. · 3.26 Impact Factor