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O idoso e a sociedade moderna: desafios da gerontologia1

ABSTRACT * Resumo: A Gerontologia é um dos saberes voltados ao estudo e à intervenção no campo do envelhecimento, e como tal tem se defrontado com o aumento, a diversificação e a crescente complexidade das demandas sociais, científicas, éticas e políticas. Neste artigo, apresentamos um conjunto de questões com as quais se defrontam os pesquisadores, profissionais e aqueles responsáveis pela elaboração de políticas públicas voltadas para a população idosa. Trata-se de uma leitura crítica da Gerontologia, baseada na identificação e discussão de seus dilemas atuais. Concretamente, o presente texto está organizado em torno de quatro eixos de reflexão: 1) o desafio ético da minoridade; 2) o desafio teórico- ideológico; 3) o desafio da indignação e da "judicialização"; e 4) o desafio da rerritualização vital. Entendemos que a reflexão sobre estas questões se inscreve num movimento de sistematização e discussão da herança intelectual da Gerontologia. Palavras-chave: Gerontologia; envelhecimento; ética; teoria; política. Abstract: Gerontology is one of the fields of knowledge dedicated to the study and intervention in the field of aging. It has been facing a changing and increasing complexity of social, scientific, ethical, and political demands. In this article we present a set of questions that challenge the researchers, professionals, and other subjects responsible for the elaboration of public policies for the elderly population. This study is a critical analysis of gerontology based on the identification and discussion of its current dilemmas. In terms of structure, the present text is organized into four themes for reflection: 1) the ethical challenge of the minority; 2) the theoretical-ideological challenge; 3) the challenge of indignation and "judiciousness"; and 4) the challenge of vital re-ritualization. We understand that reflection about these issues is part of a movement for the systematization and discussion of the intellectual inheritance of gerontology.

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    Sociedade e Estado 01/2004; 19(1).

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