Major and potential prothrombotic genotypes in patients with venous thrombosis and in healthy subjects from Slovenia.

Department of Vascular Diseases, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Pathophysiology of Haemostasis and Thrombosis (Impact Factor: 2.23). 02/2008; 36(2):58-63. DOI: 10.1159/000173722
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The objective of our study was to investigate the prevalence of the polymorphisms factor V Leiden (FVL), prothrombin G20210A (PT G20210A), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T (MTHFR C677T), plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 -675 4G/5G (PAI-1 4G/5G) and factor XII -4 C/T (FXII -4 C/T) in 295 Slovenian patients with venous thrombosis (VT) and 223 healthy controls in order to establish their contribution to the risk for VT. The major genetic risk factor was FVL, while PT G20210A, MTHFR 677 C/T, PAI-1 4G/5G and FXII -4 C/T polymorphisms were not. However, PT G20210A increased the risk of recurrent VT, MTHFR C677T increased the risk in older patients, while the FXII -4 T allele suggested a possible protective effect in younger patients. The risk of VT increased with increasing number of genetic defects.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Venous thromboembolic disorders (VTE) are serious disorders with high morbidity and mortality rates. Many genetic and acquired risk factors were identified to cause VTE. The most common genetic risk factor is Factor V Leiden mutation (FVL). FVL was found in high percentage of populations of Caucasian origin but was almost absent in non-Caucasians. It was also reported in populations living in North Africa and the Middle East. This review article briefly explains FVL and how it causes VTE, the distribution of FVL worldwide, and then it elaborates on the epidemiology of FVL in the Mediterranean Region and how this brought speculations that FVL might have originated in the Eastern Mediterranean area.
    Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases 01/2011; 3:e2011037.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genetic and environmental factors interact in determining the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The risk associated with the polymorphic variants G1691A of factor V (Factor V Leiden, FVL), G20210A of prothrombin (PT20210A) and C677T of methylentetrahydrofolate reductase (C677T MTHFR) genes has been investigated in many studies. We performed a pooled analysis of case-control and cohort studies investigating in adults the association between each variant and VTE, published on Pubmed, Embase or Google through January 2010. Authors of eligible papers, were invited to provide all available individual data for the pooling. The Odds Ratio (OR) for first VTE associated with each variant, individually and combined with the others, were calculated with a random effect model, in heterozygotes and homozygotes (dominant model for FVL and PT20210A; recessive for C677T MTHFR). We analysed 31 databases, including 11,239 cases and 21,521 controls. No significant association with VTE was found for homozygous C677T MTHFR (OR: 1.38; 95 % confidence intervals [CI]: 0.98-1.93), whereas the risk was increased in carriers of either heterozygous FVL or PT20210 (OR = 4.22; 95 % CI: 3.35-5.32; and OR = 2.79;95 % CI: 2.25-3.46, respectively), in double heterozygotes (OR = 3.42; 95 %CI 1.64-7.13), and in homozygous FVL or PT20210A (OR = 11.45; 95 %CI: 6.79-19.29; and OR: 6.74 (CI 95 % 2.19-20.72), respectively). The stratified analyses showed a stronger effect of FVL on individuals ≤ 45 years (p value for interaction = 0.036) and of PT20210A in women using oral contraceptives (p-value for interaction = 0.045). In this large pooled analysis, inclusive of large studies like MEGA, no effect was found for C677T MTHFR on VTE; FVL and PT20210A were confirmed to be moderate risk factors. Notably, double carriers of the two genetic variants produced an impact on VTE risk significantly increased but weaker than previously thought.
    European Journal of Epidemiology 07/2013; · 5.12 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) is the main inhibitor of tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activator. A 4G/5G polymorphism in the promoter region of the PAI-1 gene has been reported to enhance the plasma levels of PAI-1. In particular, the 4G allele (guanosine deletion) has been linked with increased plasma PAI-1 levels, which may lead to impaired activity of the fibrinolytic system, thus increasing the incidence of thrombotic events. The aim of this case-control study was to analyze whether variants of the PAI-1 promotor genotype 4G/4G, 4G/5G and 5G/5G, in particular the 4G/5G-variant, constitute an independent risk factor of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). A total of 136 consecutive patients with proven CVT were compared to 1,054 DNA specimens of healthy controls from a population-based cohort. PAI-1 promotor polymorphisms were evaluated using polymerase chain reaction. No significant association of CVT with PAI-1 4G/5G was found in either the additive (OR 1.04; 95 % CI 0.78-1.38) or in the dominant model (OR 1.24; 95 % CI 0.72-2.13). Also, the prevalence of the other genotypes (4G/4G and 5G/5G) in patients was not significantly different from controls. When considering the variants of the PAI-1 promoter genotype in combination with known genetical thrombophilias, no differences were found either. As was expected, the prothrombin (G20210A) genotype was confirmed as an independent risk factor for CVT. We conclude that the 4G allele of the PAI-1 polymorphism does not increase the risk of CVT in adults.
    Journal of Neurology 04/2012; · 3.58 Impact Factor


Available from
May 16, 2014