Article

Elements of morphology: Standard terminology for the hands and feet

National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4472, USA.
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A (Impact Factor: 2.05). 01/2009; 149A(1):93-127. DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.a.32596
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT An international group of clinicians working in the field of dysmorphology has initiated the standardization of terms used to describe human morphology. The goals are to standardize these terms and reach consensus regarding their definitions. In this way, we will increase the utility of descriptions of the human phenotype and facilitate reliable comparisons of findings among patients. Discussions with other workers in dysmorphology and related fields, such as developmental biology and molecular genetics, will become more precise. Here we introduce the anatomy of the hands and feet and define and illustrate the terms that describe the major characteristics of the hands and feet.

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