Clinicopathologic Analysis of 4 Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Tumors (PEComas) of the Gastrointestinal Tract
ABSTRACT This study describes the clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical features of four cases of GI PEComa. The size of the tumors ranged from 3.5 to 6.0cm in diameter, and all were located in wall of the large bowel. Microscopically, the tumors were characterized by an epithelioid arrangement of tumor cells, which had abundant clear to pale eosinophilic granular cytoplasm, vesicular nuclei and prominent nucleoli. The stroma was rich in capillaries, a sinusoidal vasculature and thick-walled blood vessels. Mitotic figures were generally rare. Immunohistochemically, the tumors were positive for Vimentin (4/4), HMB-45 (4/4), Melan-A(4/4),alpha-smooth muscle actin (4/4), and desmin (3/4). The patients have been well with no evidence of disease at 8, 15, 32 and 36 months,respectively, after the surgical operation. GI tract PEComas should be regarded as tumors of an uncertain malignant potential until long-term outcome data for a larger number of patients become available.
Article: Coordination number in liquid argon[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Structure of liquids is discussed in terms of Voronoi figures and Delaunay polyhedra. Equations of the respective models and precise experimental data recently available for argon lead to calculated values of the coordination number z and the geometric parameter mu. The relation between z and mu is thus found empirically. Further, calculated values of coordination numbers are compared with those coming from thermal-neutron and X-ray scattering data. A selection among the existing methods of obtaining z from the radial distribution function g(R) is made. The method chosen enables one to find z[g(R)] corresponding to the Voronoi structure.Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 01/1975; 80(5):513-522. DOI:10.1016/0378-4371(75)90099-0 · 1.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Perivascular epithelioid cell tumors (PEComas) are a group of rare mesenchymal neoplasms. Gastrointestinal PEComas are exceptionally rare, there being only a few case reports in the literature involving the colon and small intestine. Nearly all PEComas show immunoreactivity for both melanocytic (HMB45 and/or Melan-A) and smooth muscle (actin and/or desmin) markers. A 36-year-old male was admitted to the hospital with acut- abdomen. At laparatomy, a nodular mass protruding from the ileum which clinically simulated a diverticulitis was noticed. Gross examination of the specimen revealed a 2 × 1,5 × 1 cm secondarily ulcerated, solid, nodular, gray white tumor mass in the ileal wall. Histologically, tumor cells were composed of nests of round-polygonal epithelioid cells with abundant clear to slightly eosinophilic granular cytoplasm and round vesicular nuclei. The nests were separated by thin fibrovascular septa. Minimal necrosis and low mitotic activity were noticed in the tumor. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were positive for SMA, HMB45, and Melan-A and negative for CD10, RCC, CD45, CD117, CD34, EMA, and Desmin. Diagnosis was PEComa of the ileum. We report the case of ileal PEComa to remind the unusual presentation (diverticulitis) of these tumors, besides rarity and diagnostic difficulties.04/2012; 2012:476941. DOI:10.1155/2012/476941
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ABSTRACT: Malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare tumor composed of hybrid tumor cells characterized by immunoreactivity for both melanocytic and smooth muscle markers. This paper describes the uncommon esophageal location of an 8 cm PEComa in a 75-year-old Caucasian man who was presented with ingravescent dysphagia. Although PEComas arising within the gastrointestinal tract are exceptional findings, clinicians should not exclude this class of tumors in the diagnostic investigation of a bulky lesion of the esophageal wall.08/2012; 2012:438505. DOI:10.1155/2012/438505