Article

Genome sequence analysis of Helicobacter pylori strains associated with gastric ulceration and gastric cancer.

Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-2605, USA.
BMC Genomics (Impact Factor: 4.04). 01/2009; 10:3. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-10-3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Persistent colonization of the human stomach by Helicobacter pylori is associated with asymptomatic gastric inflammation (gastritis) and an increased risk of duodenal ulceration, gastric ulceration, and non-cardia gastric cancer. In previous studies, the genome sequences of H. pylori strains from patients with gastritis or duodenal ulcer disease have been analyzed. In this study, we analyzed the genome sequences of an H. pylori strain (98-10) isolated from a patient with gastric cancer and an H. pylori strain (B128) isolated from a patient with gastric ulcer disease.
Based on multilocus sequence typing, strain 98-10 was most closely related to H. pylori strains of East Asian origin and strain B128 was most closely related to strains of European origin. Strain 98-10 contained multiple features characteristic of East Asian strains, including a type s1c vacA allele and a cagA allele encoding an EPIYA-D tyrosine phosphorylation motif. A core genome of 1237 genes was present in all five strains for which genome sequences were available. Among the 1237 core genes, a subset of alleles was highly divergent in the East Asian strain 98-10, encoding proteins that exhibited <90% amino acid sequence identity compared to corresponding proteins in the other four strains. Unique strain-specific genes were identified in each of the newly sequenced strains, and a set of strain-specific genes was shared among H. pylori strains associated with gastric cancer or premalignant gastric lesions.
These data provide insight into the diversity that exists among H. pylori strains from diverse clinical and geographic origins. Highly divergent alleles and strain-specific genes identified in this study may represent useful biomarkers for analyzing geographic partitioning of H. pylori and for identifying strains capable of inducing malignant or premalignant gastric lesions.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
135 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The advent of genomic analyses has revolutionized the study of human health. Infectious disease research in particular has experienced an explosion of bacterial genomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic data complementing the phenotypic methods employed in traditional bacteriology. Together, these techniques have revealed novel virulence determinants in numerous pathogens and have provided information for potential chemotherapeutics. The bacterial pathogen, Helicobacter pylori, has been recognized as a class 1 carcinogen and contributes to chronic inflammation within the gastric niche. Genomic analyses have uncovered remarkable coevolution between the human host and H. pylori. Perturbation of this coevolution results in dysregulation of the host-pathogen interaction, leading to oncogenic effects. This review discusses the relationship of H. pylori with the human host and environment and the contribution of each of these factors to disease progression, with an emphasis on features that have been illuminated by genomic tools.
    International Journal of Plant Genomics 01/2015; 2015:386905.
  • Source
    Trends in Helicobacter Pylori infection, First edited by Bruna Maria Roesler, 04/2014: chapter Helicobacter pylori — Current Therapy and Future Therapeutic Strategies; intechopen., ISBN: 978-953-51-1239-6
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Resistance to clarithromycin is the most important factor causing failure of Helicobacter pylori eradication. Although clarithromycin resistance is mainly associated with three point mutations in the 23S rRNA genes, it is unclear whether other mutations are associated with this resistance. Two types of clarithromycin-resistant strains (low- and high-resistance strains) were obtained from clarithromycin-susceptible H. pylori following exposure to low clarithromycin concentrations. The genome sequences were determined with a next-generation sequencer. Natural transformation was used to introduce the candidate mutations into strain 26695. Etest and an agar dilution method were used to determine the MICs. High-resistance strains contained the mutation A2143G in the 23S rRNA genes, whereas low-resistance strains did not. There were seven candidate mutations in six genes outside of the 23S rRNA genes. The mutated sequences in hp1048 (infB), hp1314 (rpl22) and the 23S rRNA gene were successfully transformed into strain 26695 and the transformants showed an increased MIC of and low resistance to clarithromycin. The transformants containing a single mutation in infB or rpl22 (either a 9 bp insertion or a 3 bp deletion) or the 23S rRNA gene showed low MICs (0.5, 2.0, 4.0 and 32 mg/L, respectively) while the transformants containing double mutations (mutation in the 23S rRNA genes and mutation in infB or rpl22) showed higher MICs (>256 mg/L). Next-generation sequencing can be a useful tool for screening mutations related to drug resistance. We discovered novel mutations related to clarithromycin resistance in H. pylori (infB and rpl22), which have synergic effects with 23S rRNA resulting in higher MICs.
    Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 03/2014; · 5.34 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
38 Downloads
Available from
May 22, 2014