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A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR DIRECT EVAPORATIVE COOLING AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

ABSTRACT Air conditioning systems are responsible for increasing men's work efficiency as well for his comfort, mainly in the warm periods of the year. Currently, the most used system is the mechanical vapor compression system. However, in many cases, evaporative cooling system can be an economical alternative to replace the conventional system, under several conditions, or as a pre-cooler in the conventional systems. It leads to a reduction in the operational cost, comparing with systems using only mechanical refrigeration. Evaporative cooling operates using induced processes of heat and mass transfer, where water and air are the working fluids. It consists in water evaporation, induced by the passage of an air flow, thus decreasing the air temperature. This paper presents the basic principles of the evaporative cooling process for human thermal comfort, the principles of operation for the direct evaporative cooling system and the mathematical development of the equations of thermal exchanges, allowing the determination of the effectiveness of saturation. It also presents some results of experimental tests in a direct evaporative cooler that take place in the Air Conditioning Laboratory at the University of Taubaté Mechanical Engineering Department, and the experimental results are used to determinate the convective heat transfer coefficient and to compare with the mathematical model.

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  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Performance of a direct evaporative cooler (DEC) was numerically studied at various outdoor and indoor air conditions, with geometric and physical characteristics of it being extracted based on thermal comfort criteria. For this purpose, a mathematical model was utilized based on the equations of mass, momentum, and energy conservation to determine heat and mass transfer characteristics of the system. It is found that the DEC can provide thermal comfort conditions when the outdoor air temperature and relative humidity (RH) are in the range of 27–41 oC and 10–60%, respectively. The findings also revealed that by raising the RH of ambient air, the system will reach the maximum allowed RH faster and hence a smaller heat exchanger can be used when the ambient air has higher RH. Finally, performance of the DEC in a central province of Iran was investigated, and a design guideline was proposed to determine size of the required plate heat exchangers at various operating conditions.
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