Driver Fatigue and Road Safety on Poland’s National Roads

Department of Highway Engineering, Gdańsk University of Technology, Gdańsk, Poland. .
International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics: JOSE (Impact Factor: 0.35). 06/2013; 19(2):297-309. DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2013.11076987
Source: PubMed


This paper presents an overview of factors causing driver fatigue as described in the literature. Next, a traffic crash database for 2003-2007 is used to identify the causes, circumstances and consequences of accidents caused by driver fatigue on Poland's national roads. The results of the study were used to build a model showing the relationship between the concentration of road accidents and casualties, and the time of day. Finally, the level of relative accident risk at night-time versus daytime is defined. A map shows the risk of death and severe injury on the network of Poland's national roads. The paper suggests to road authorities steps to reduce fatigue-related road accidents in Poland.

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    • "The frequency of traffic accidents is especially higher in the intersection or during overtaking and passing. The traditional solution, to decrease the accident frequency in theory, mainly focused on analysis and optimization of the road alignment and the mechanics of vehicle movement [1] [2] [3] [4]. The driver factor, as an important human factor besides the other factors of road and vehicle in traffic system, is seldom taken into account in the traditional research. "
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    ABSTRACT: In the integrated traffic environment, human factor is always a main factor of the three elementary factors, besides the vehicle and road factor. The driver physiological and psychological characteristics have an important impact especially on traffic safety in urban road traffic conditions. Some typical traffic scenes in condition of urban road, such as light signal control at intersection, overtaking, and passing, are selected for condition analysis. An eye movement apparatus was used to obtain driver eye closure, blink frequency, and other visual physiological indicators in the traffic conditions of urban road. The regular patterns of driver visual characteristics in the corresponding scenes were analyzed in detail to provide data and theoretical support for the further research on traffic safety of urban environment from the viewpoint of driver psychology and behavior.
    Advances in Mechanical Engineering 01/2014; 2014:1-6. DOI:10.1155/2014/789364 · 0.58 Impact Factor