Seismic force demand on ductile reinforced concrete shear walls subjected to western North American ground motions: Part 2 — new capacity design methods
ABSTRACT This paper proposes for the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) standard A23.3 new capacity design methods, accounting for higher mode amplification effects, for determining, for a single plastic hinge design, capacity design envelopes for flexural and shear strength design of regular ductile reinforced concrete cantilever walls used as seismic force resisting system for multistorey buildings. The derivation of these methods is based on the outcomes from a review on various capacity design methods proposed in the current literature and recommended by design codes and from the extensive parametric study presented in the companion paper. A discussion on the limitations of the proposed methods and on their applicability to various wall systems is presented.
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ABSTRACT: A parametric study was performed to examine the seismic behaviour of moderately ductile (MD) reinforced concrete shear walls designed according to Canadian code provisions, including National Building Code of Canada (NBCC) 2010 and Canadian Standards Association (CSA) 23.3-04, when subjected to typical high-frequency eastern North America earthquakes. The numerical models were experimentally validated based on large specimens shaking table test results. The results obtained following the code response spectrum procedure were compared with the results from inelastic response history analyses to investigate the effect of higher modes on seismic force demands. The results indicate that current code provisions for MD shear walls need to be modified. A new base shear factor and shear force design envelop are proposed to evaluate the seismic shear force demand more realistically. This study also recommends that the current CSA 23.3-04 requirements for ductile shear walls for bending moments could be applied to constrain the location of inelastic flexural deformations at the base of MD shear walls.Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering 11/2013; 41(2). DOI:10.1139/cjce-2013-0073 · 0.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A parametric study of regular ductile reinforced concrete (RC) cantilever walls designed with the 2010 National building code of Canada and the 2004 Canadian Standards Association (CSA) standard A23.3 for Vancouver is performed to investigate the influence of the following parameters on the higher mode amplification effects, and hence on the seismic force demand: number of storeys, fundamental lateral period (T), site class, wall aspect ratio, wall cross-section, and wall base flexural overstrength (γw). The study is based on inelastic time-history analyses performed with a multilayer beam model and a smeared membrane model accounting for inelastic shear–flexure–axial interaction. The main conclusions are that (i) T and γw are the studied parameters affecting the most dynamic shear amplification and seismic force demand, (ii) the 2004 CSA standard A23.3 capacity design methods are inadequate, and (iii) a single plastic hinge design may be inadequate and unsafe for regular ductile RC walls with γw < 2.0.Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering 07/2012; 39(7):723-737. DOI:10.1139/l2012-043 · 0.41 Impact Factor