Knowledge of, perceptions of, and attitudes toward epilepsy among university students in Kuwait
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to explore, using a self-administered questionnaire, university students' knowledge of, perceptions of, and attitudes toward epilepsy. Approximately 1.7% considered epilepsy a contagious disease, and 10.5%, a form of insanity. About 25 and 34% of students thought that epilepsy is caused by an evil spirit and the evil eye, respectively, and 17.4% thought epilepsy is punishment from God. About 8% believed patients with epilepsy should not marry, and 12.5% thought they should not have children. Similarly, 11.7% thought patients with epilepsy cannot think or judge like people without epilepsy, and 26.2% would not employ someone with epilepsy in a clerical job. Approximately 56% objected to marrying someone with epilepsy, and 12.5% would not allow their child to play with a child with epilepsy. In conclusion, university students in Kuwait have a vague knowledge of the causes of epilepsy. Misconceptions about and negative attitudes toward epilepsy are unexpectedly high among these university students.
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ABSTRACT: Evidence on lay beliefs and stigma associated with intellectual disability in an Arab context is almost non-existent. This study examined awareness of intellectual disability, causal and intervention beliefs and social distance in Kuwait. These were compared to a UK sample to examine differences in lay conceptions across cultures. 537 university students in Kuwait and 571 students in the UK completed a web-based survey asking them to respond to a diagnostically unlabelled vignette of a man presenting with symptoms of mild intellectual disability. They rated their agreement with 22 causal items as possible causes for the difficulties depicted in the vignette, the perceived helpfulness of 22 interventions, and four social distance items using a 7-point Likert scale. Only 8% of Kuwait students, yet 33% of UK students identified possible intellectual disability in the vignette. Medium to large differences between the two samples were observed on seven of the causal items, and 10 of the intervention items. Against predictions, social distance did not differ. Causal beliefs mediated the relationship between recognition of intellectual disability and social distance, but their mediating role differed by sample. The findings are discussed in relation to cultural practices and values, and in relation to attribution theory. In view of the apparent positive effect of awareness of the symptoms of intellectual disability on social distance, both directly and through the mediating effects of causal beliefs, promoting increased awareness of intellectual disability and inclusive practices should be a priority, particularly in countries such as Kuwait where it appears to be low.Research in developmental disabilities 09/2013; 34(11):3896-3905. DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2013.07.030 · 4.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A novel method for generation of radar waveforms having both frequency shift keying (FSK) and phase shift keying (PSK) interior coding is considered. When PSK modulation is used in a pulse compression radar the radar bandwidth can be increased without increasing peak power. The range resolution is directly proportional to the coded pulsewidth. To achieve resolution in both range and velocity, the thumbtack property of the radar ambiguity function must be preserved. It is shown that by combining FSK and PSK modulation using Costas arrays and Welti codes a significant reduction in sidelobe values will occur. In addition, inherent combined spread spectrum characteristics yield a waveform with excellent ECCM propertiesRadar Conference, 1990., Record of the IEEE 1990 International; 06/1990
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ABSTRACT: Epilepsy influences the school life of children. The aims of this study were to (1) assess absenteeism and participation in sports activities, (2) investigate whether parents inform school and children inform their classmates, and (3) determine which factors influence these school aspects. Children from both Christian and Muslim families were enrolled and different cultural variables were prospectively documented. A total of 62 children with epilepsy (mean age: 10.2+/-3.3 years, range: 6-18) participated in the present study. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression models were used to explore potential factors that could influence school life. Absenteeism was correlated with shorter disease duration, severity, lower parental educational level, and knowledge of epilepsy. Age>12 was associated with nonparticipation in activities. Schools were informed by 84% of families, and classmates, by 22.6% of children. In conclusion, better knowledge of epilepsy resulted in fewer missed school days. The majority of children did not discuss their disease, and children from the two populations with different religions did not differ significantly in the school aspects examined. These findings suggest a probable positive effect of educational programs on the issue of daily school life.Epilepsy & Behavior 06/2009; 15(3):344-50. DOI:10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.04.025 · 2.06 Impact Factor