Broad antitumor activity in breast cancer xenografts by motesanib, a highly selective, oral inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, and Kit receptors.
ABSTRACT Angiogenesis plays a critical role in breast cancer development and progression. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic factor that regulates endothelial cell proliferation and survival. We investigated the effects of motesanib, a novel, oral inhibitor of VEGF receptors 1, 2, and 3; platelet-derived growth factor receptor; and Kit receptor, on the growth of xenografts representing various human breast cancer subtypes.
Athymic nude mice were implanted with MCF-7 (luminal) or MDA-MB-231 (mesenchymal) tumor fragments or Cal-51 (mixed/progenitor) tumor cells. Once tumors were established, animals were randomized to receive increasing doses of motesanib alone or motesanib plus cytotoxic chemotherapy (docetaxel, doxorubicin, or tamoxifen).
Across all three xenograft models, motesanib treatment resulted in significant dose-dependent reductions in tumor growth, compared with vehicle-treated controls, and in marked reductions in viable tumor fraction and blood vessel density. No significant effect on body weight was observed with compound treatment compared with control-treated animals. Motesanib did not affect the proliferation of tumor cells in vitro. There was a significantly greater reduction in xenograft tumor growth when motesanib was combined with docetaxel (MDA-MB-231 tumors) or with the estrogen receptor modulator tamoxifen (MCF-7 tumors), compared with either treatment alone, but not when combined with doxorubicin (Cal-51 tumors).
Treatment with motesanib alone or in combination with chemotherapy inhibits tumor growth in vivo in various models of human breast cancer. These data suggest that motesanib may have broad utility in the treatment of human breast cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Activating mutations in Kit receptor tyrosine kinase or the related platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) play an important role in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). This study investigated the activity of motesanib, an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR) 1, 2, and 3; PDGFR; and Kit, against primary activating Kit mutants and mutants associated with secondary resistance to imatinib. Single- and double-mutant isoforms of Kit were evaluated for their sensitivity to motesanib or imatinib in autophosphorylation assays and in Ba/F3 cell proliferation assays. Motesanib inhibited Kit autophosphorylation in CHO cell lines expressing primary activating mutations in exon 9 (AYins503-504, IC50 = 18 nM) and exon 11 (V560 D, IC50 = 5 nM; Delta552-559, IC50 = 1 nM). Motesanib also demonstrated activity against kinase domain mutations conferring imatinib resistance (V560D/V654A, IC50 = 77 nM; V560D/T670I, IC50 = 277 nM; Y823 D, IC50 = 64 nM) but failed to inhibit the imatinib-resistant D816V mutant (IC50 > 3000 nM). Motesanib suppressed the proliferation of Ba/F3 cells expressing Kit mutants with IC50 values in good agreement with those observed in the autophosphorylation assays. In conclusion, our data suggest that motesanib possesses inhibitory activity against primary Kit mutations and some imatinib-resistant secondary mutations.Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 01/2010; 29:96. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this work, the anticancer activity of chamaejasmine was studied by evaluating its in vitro cytotoxicity against several human cancer cell lines (MCF-7, A549, SGC-7901, HCT-8, HO-4980, Hela, HepG2, PC-3, LNCap, Vero and MDCK) using the MTT assay. Results indicated chamaejasmine showed more notable anticancer activity than taxol against PC-3 cells, with IC₅₀ values of 2.28 and 3.98 µM, respectively. Furthermore, Western blot analysis showed that chamaejasmine was able to increase the expression of β-tubulin, but not α-tubulin. In silico simulations indicated that chamaejasmine specifically interacts with the active site which is located at the top of β-tubulin, thanks to the presence of strong hydrophobic effects between the core templates and the hydrophobic surface of the TB active site. The binding energy (E(inter)) was calculated to be -164.77 kcal·mol⁻¹. Results presented here suggest that chamaejasmine possesses anti-cancer properties relating to β-tubulin depolymerization inhibition, and therefore is a potential source of anticancer leads for the pharmaceutical industry.Molecules 01/2011; 16(8):6243-54. · 2.39 Impact Factor